Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated compact orange-light passively Q-switched praseodymium (Pr3+)-doped all-fiber lasers utilizing two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs, WS2 and MoS2) as saturable absorbers (SAs). The filmy TMDs SAs are fabricated by evaporating the composite of TMDs nanosheets and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and then inserted into an orange-light Pr3+-doped fiber laser cavity, which is designed by coating dielectric mirrors on fiber ends. Stable passively Q-switched orange lasers at 604 nm are successfully achieved. The passive Q-switching generated the short pulse duration of 435 ns and 602 ns, as well as the tunable repetition rate in the range of 67.3 ~132.2 kHz and 50.8 ~118.4 kHz, respectively. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the shortest-wavelength operation of 2D-material-based pulsed fiber lasers.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (2)

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, X. Zheng, K. Yin, X. A. Cheng, and T. Jiang, “Nanosecond passively Q-switched thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser based on black phosphorus nanoplatelets,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 603–609 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wu, J. Peng, Z. Cai, J. Weng, Z. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Xu, “Gold nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for visible 635 nm Q-switched pulse generation,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24071–24076 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Wu, Z. P. Cai, Y. L. Zhong, J. Peng, J. Weng, Z. Q. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Y. Xu, “635 nm visible Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers Q-switched by topological insulators SAs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(22), 2379–2382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fujimoto, T. Suzuki, R. A. M. Ochante, T. Hirayama, M. Murakami, H. Shiraga, M. Yoshida, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Generation of orange pulse laser in waterproof fluoride glass fibre with graphene thin film,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1470–1472 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. N. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional materials nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5 and 2 μm fibre lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (8)

C. Wei, X. Zhu, F. Wang, Y. Xu, K. Balakrishnan, F. Song, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Graphene Q-switched 2.78 μm Er3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3233–3236 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Eda and S. A. Maier, “Two-dimensional crystals: managing light for optoelectronics,” ACS Nano 7(7), 5660–5665 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martinez and Z. P. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Xu and F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kojou, Y. Watanabe, P. Agrawal, T. Kamimura, and F. Kannari, “Wavelength tuneable Q-switch laser in visible region with Pr3+-doped fluoride-glass fiber pumped by GaN diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 290, 136–140 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-M X-2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85(3), 033305 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: Evolution of raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS₂: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

Abramski, K. M.

Adachi, K.

Agrawal, P.

J. Kojou, Y. Watanabe, P. Agrawal, T. Kamimura, and F. Kannari, “Wavelength tuneable Q-switch laser in visible region with Pr3+-doped fluoride-glass fiber pumped by GaN diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 290, 136–140 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baillargeat, D.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: Evolution of raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Balakrishnan, K.

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brivio, J.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

D. D. Wu, Z. P. Cai, Y. L. Zhong, J. Peng, J. Weng, Z. Q. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Y. Xu, “635 nm visible Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers Q-switched by topological insulators SAs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(22), 2379–2382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5 and 2 μm fibre lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, N.

D. Wu, J. Peng, Z. Cai, J. Weng, Z. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Xu, “Gold nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for visible 635 nm Q-switched pulse generation,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24071–24076 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Wu, Z. P. Cai, Y. L. Zhong, J. Peng, J. Weng, Z. Q. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Y. Xu, “635 nm visible Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers Q-switched by topological insulators SAs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(22), 2379–2382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Cheng, X. A.

Chi, Y.

Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coleman, J. N.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubey, M.

F. N. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional materials nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Eda, G.

G. Eda and S. A. Maier, “Two-dimensional crystals: managing light for optoelectronics,” ACS Nano 7(7), 5660–5665 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edwin, T. H. T.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: Evolution of raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ermeneux, S.

Fan, D. Y.

Fan, J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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Fox, D.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-M X-2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85(3), 033305 (2012).
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B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
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J. Kojou, Y. Watanabe, P. Agrawal, T. Kamimura, and F. Kannari, “Wavelength tuneable Q-switch laser in visible region with Pr3+-doped fluoride-glass fiber pumped by GaN diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 290, 136–140 (2013).
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K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS₂: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
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W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-M X-2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85(3), 033305 (2012).
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Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Y. Fujimoto, T. Suzuki, R. A. M. Ochante, T. Hirayama, M. Murakami, H. Shiraga, M. Yoshida, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Generation of orange pulse laser in waterproof fluoride glass fibre with graphene thin film,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1470–1472 (2014).
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Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5 and 2 μm fibre lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
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B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
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Y. Fujimoto, T. Suzuki, R. A. M. Ochante, T. Hirayama, M. Murakami, H. Shiraga, M. Yoshida, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Generation of orange pulse laser in waterproof fluoride glass fibre with graphene thin film,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1470–1472 (2014).
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S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
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Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Y. Lin, S. Lin, Y. Chi, C. Wu, C. Cheng, W. Tseng, J. He, C. Wu, C. Lee, and G. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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C. Xu and F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
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Xu, H.

Xu, H. Y.

D. D. Wu, Z. P. Cai, Y. L. Zhong, J. Peng, J. Weng, Z. Q. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Y. Xu, “635 nm visible Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers Q-switched by topological insulators SAs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(22), 2379–2382 (2015).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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ACS Photonics (1)

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Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: Evolution of raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(7), 1385–1390 (2012).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Fujimoto, T. Suzuki, R. A. M. Ochante, T. Hirayama, M. Murakami, H. Shiraga, M. Yoshida, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Generation of orange pulse laser in waterproof fluoride glass fibre with graphene thin film,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1470–1472 (2014).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. D. Wu, Z. P. Cai, Y. L. Zhong, J. Peng, J. Weng, Z. Q. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Y. Xu, “635 nm visible Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers Q-switched by topological insulators SAs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(22), 2379–2382 (2015).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nanoscale (1)

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

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Nat. Photonics (4)

F. N. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional materials nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

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Opt. Express (7)

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
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H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
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S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
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D. Wu, J. Peng, Z. Cai, J. Weng, Z. Luo, N. Chen, and H. Xu, “Gold nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for visible 635 nm Q-switched pulse generation,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24071–24076 (2015).
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Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-M X-2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85(3), 033305 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

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Sci. Rep. (2)

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Optical photos of the WS2 before and after sonication. (b) The XRD of bulk WS2 and few-layer WS2. (c) Raman spectrum of bulk WS2 and few-layer WS2. (d) AFM image of few-layer WS2 and the height profile diagram (inset) of the few-layer WS2.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical photos of the MoS2 before and after sonication. (b) The XRD of bulk MoS2 and few-layer MoS2. (c) Raman spectrum of bulk MoS2 and few-layer MoS2. (d) AFM image of few-layer MoS2 and the height profile diagram (inset) of the few-layer MoS2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic illustration and (b) experimental picture of compact TMDs-based passively Q-switched orange-light Pr3+-doped all-fiber laser. Transmission spectrum of the FPMs: (c) input mirror M1 and (d) output mirror M2. (e) An image of the FPM, and (f) a photograph of the fiber-end coated by a filmy TMD.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CW orange-light Pr3+-doped all-fiber laser. (a) the output power as a function of the incident pump power, (b) optical spectrum at the incident pump power Pp of 304.6 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Passive Q-switching pulse trains of orange-light Pr3+-doped all-fiber laser based on WS2 SA under different incident pump powers Pp. (a) Pp = 256.1 mW, (b) Pp = 276.7 mW, (c) Pp = 292.2 mW, (d) Pp = 312.9 mW.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Typical Q-switched characteristics of WS2-SA-based orange-light Pr3+-doped all-fiber laser. (a) the optical spectrum, (b) RF output spectrum (inset is the typical oscilloscope trace), (c) the repetition rate and the pulse duration versus the incident pump power, (d) the minimum single pulse envelope.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental results of passive Q-switching orange-light Pr3+-doped all-fiber laser using the MoS2-based SA. (a) typical pulse trains, (b) output optical spectrum and (c) RF output spectrum, (d) repetition rate and pulse duration as a function of the incident pump power.

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