Abstract

In this paper the first glass based resorbable optical fiber is manufactured and characterized, showing values of attenuation loss from one to two orders of magnitude lower than the polymeric based bioresorbable devices reported in literature. The fiber behaves as a single-mode waveguide at the lower limit of the first biological window (1300 nm) and as a multi-mode waveguide in the visible region (630 nm). Highly transparent calcium-phosphate glasses (PGs) are proposed as a new class of materials for biomedical optics, managing to combine for the first time in a vitreous material solubility in aqueous media, transparency in the near UV region, low intrinsic attenuation loss and thermal stability during fiber drawing. In-vitro tests in physiological conditions show dissolution kinetics of glass fibers in about a month.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hofmann, C. Voigtländer, S. Nolte, N. Peyghambarian, and A. Schülzgen, “550-mW output power from a narrow linewidth all-phosphate fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(5), 756–760 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

A. Hoppe, N. S. Güldal, and A. R. Boccaccini, “A review of the biological response to ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics,” Biomaterials 32(11), 2757–2774 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Smith, M. C. Mancini, and S. Nie, “Bioimaging: second window for in vivo imaging,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(11), 710–711 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2–Na2O–CaO–P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2–3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. A. Abou Neel, W. Chrzanowski, and J. C. Knowles, “Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses,” Acta Biomater. 4(3), 523–534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Dupuis, N. Guo, Y. Gao, N. Godbout, S. Lacroix, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Prospective for biodegradable microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(2), 109–111 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

L. Brancaleon and H. Moseley, “Laser and non-laser light sources for photodynamic therapy,” Lasers Med. Sci. 17(3), 173–186 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. K. Brow, “Review: the structure of simple phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264(1), 1–28 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er3+ doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 143–148 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

B. C. Bunker, G. W. Arnold, and J. A. Wilder, “Phosphate glass dissolution in aqueous solutions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 64(3), 291–316 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abou Neel, E. A.

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. A. Abou Neel, W. Chrzanowski, and J. C. Knowles, “Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses,” Acta Biomater. 4(3), 523–534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abrate, S.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, I.

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albert, J.

Amsden, J.

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Amsden, J. J.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, G. W.

B. C. Bunker, G. W. Arnold, and J. A. Wilder, “Phosphate glass dissolution in aqueous solutions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 64(3), 291–316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bastard, L.

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bertone, E.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boatner, L. A.

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Boccaccini, A. R.

A. Hoppe, N. S. Güldal, and A. R. Boccaccini, “A review of the biological response to ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics,” Biomaterials 32(11), 2757–2774 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boetti, N. G.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boussard-Plédel, C.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brancaleon, L.

L. Brancaleon and H. Moseley, “Laser and non-laser light sources for photodynamic therapy,” Lasers Med. Sci. 17(3), 173–186 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brenckle, M. A.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bressner, J.

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Broquin, J.-E.

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brow, R. K.

R. K. Brow, “Review: the structure of simple phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264(1), 1–28 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bunker, B. C.

B. C. Bunker, G. W. Arnold, and J. A. Wilder, “Phosphate glass dissolution in aqueous solutions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 64(3), 291–316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bureau, B.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Burnie, J.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+ -doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ceci-Ginistrelli, E.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, J. W.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chrzanowski, W.

E. A. Abou Neel, W. Chrzanowski, and J. C. Knowles, “Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses,” Acta Biomater. 4(3), 523–534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Croteau, A.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+ -doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domachuk, P.

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
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Drake, C. F.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
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Dubois, C.

Duff, S. R. I.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
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ElBatal, F. H.

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2–Na2O–CaO–P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2–3), 352–362 (2008).
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ElKheshen, A.

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2–Na2O–CaO–P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2–3), 352–362 (2008).
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Fantini, S.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fornaro, M.

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Geobaldo, F.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gilchrist, T.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Godbout, N.

Grobnic, D.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Güldal, N. S.

A. Hoppe, N. S. Güldal, and A. R. Boccaccini, “A review of the biological response to ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics,” Biomaterials 32(11), 2757–2774 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, N.

Hahn, S. K.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harding, N. G. L.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofmann, P.

Honkanen, S.

S. Yliniemi, J. Albert, Q. Wang, and S. Honkanen, “UV-exposed Bragg gratings for laser applications in silver-sodium ion-exchanged phosphate glass waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2898–2903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hoppe, A.

A. Hoppe, N. S. Güldal, and A. R. Boccaccini, “A review of the biological response to ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics,” Biomaterials 32(11), 2757–2774 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Y.

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hua, P.

Hupa, L.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ikiades, A.

Isineev, A. A.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+ -doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er3+ doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 143–148 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jouan, T.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kainerstorfer, J. M.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaneda, Y.

Kaplan, D. L.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-W.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knowles, J. C.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. A. Abou Neel, W. Chrzanowski, and J. C. Knowles, “Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses,” Acta Biomater. 4(3), 523–534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravchenko, V. B.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lacroix, S.

Lafond, C.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lakhkar, N. J.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, I.-H.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. W.

Lee, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Levitt, J.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewis, J. A.

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Loong, C.-K.

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lousteau, J.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lucas, J.

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Malcolm, A. J.

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mancini, M. C.

A. M. Smith, M. C. Mancini, and S. Nie, “Bioimaging: second window for in vivo imaging,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(11), 710–711 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manocchi, A. K.

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Massera, J.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matitsin, S. M.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Mihailov, S. J.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Milanese, D.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morrell, M.

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Moseley, H.

L. Brancaleon and H. Moseley, “Laser and non-laser light sources for photodynamic therapy,” Lasers Med. Sci. 17(3), 173–186 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moses, E.

Mura, E.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Myers, M. J.

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er3+ doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 143–148 (1998).
[Crossref]

Newport, R. J.

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nie, S.

A. M. Smith, M. C. Mancini, and S. Nie, “Bioimaging: second window for in vivo imaging,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(11), 710–711 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nizamoglu, S.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

Novajra, G.

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

Omenetto, F. G.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oron, D.

Panilaitis, B. J. B.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parker, S. T.

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Parsons, A. J.

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petit, L.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. Hofmann, C. Voigtländer, S. Nolte, N. Peyghambarian, and A. Schülzgen, “550-mW output power from a narrow linewidth all-phosphate fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(5), 756–760 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er3+ doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 143–148 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pickup, D. M.

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pissadakis, S.

Price, D. L.

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pritchard, E. M.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pugliese, D.

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

Raimondo, S.

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roiland, C.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rudd, C. D.

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabatier, F.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sales, B. C.

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Salih, V.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sassaroli, A.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scarpignato, G. C.

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schülzgen, A.

Seneschal, K.

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sglavo, V. M.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sharmin, N.

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheridan, A.

Shpotyuk, Y.

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Siebert, S. M.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

Sinha, S.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+ -doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smektala, F.

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

Smelser, C. W.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. M.

A. M. Smith, M. C. Mancini, and S. Nie, “Bioimaging: second window for in vivo imaging,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(11), 710–711 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spiegelberg, C.

Suzuya, K.

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thiberge, S.

Urbanek, K. E.

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Valappil, S. P.

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vitale-Brovarone, C.

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

Voigtländer, C.

Walker, R. B.

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wall, I. B.

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Wilder, J. A.

B. C. Bunker, G. W. Arnold, and J. A. Wilder, “Phosphate glass dissolution in aqueous solutions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 64(3), 291–316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, J.

Yelin, D.

Yi, H.

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yliniemi, S.

Yun, S. H.

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Biomater. (2)

E. A. Abou Neel, W. Chrzanowski, and J. C. Knowles, “Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses,” Acta Biomater. 4(3), 523–534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Raimondo, and M. Fornaro, “Phosphate glass fibres and their role in neuronal polarization and axonal growth direction,” Acta Biomater. 8(3), 1125–1136 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. (1)

N. J. Lakhkar, I.-H. Lee, H.-W. Kim, V. Salih, I. B. Wall, and J. C. Knowles, “Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 65(4), 405–420 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. T. Parker, P. Domachuk, J. Amsden, J. Bressner, J. A. Lewis, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Biocompatible silk printed optical waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biomaterials (2)

J. Burnie, T. Gilchrist, S. R. I. Duff, C. F. Drake, N. G. L. Harding, and A. J. Malcolm, “Controlled release glasses (C.R.G.) for biomedical uses,” Biomaterials 2(4), 244–246 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hoppe, N. S. Güldal, and A. R. Boccaccini, “A review of the biological response to ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics,” Biomaterials 32(11), 2757–2774 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biotechnol. Bioeng. (1)

A. K. Manocchi, P. Domachuk, F. G. Omenetto, and H. Yi, “Facile fabrication of gelatin-based biopolymeric optical waveguides,” Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103(4), 725–732 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, and A. Croteau, “Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped Er-Yb phosphate glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(12), 943–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Performance of high-concentration Er3+-Yb3+-codoped phosphate fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 657–659 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

D. Pugliese, N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, E. Ceci-Ginistrelli, E. Bertone, F. Geobaldo, and D. Milanese, “Concentration quenching in an Er-doped phosphate glass for compact optical lasers and amplifiers,” J. Alloys Compd. 657, 678–683 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Biomater. Appl. (1)

N. Sharmin, A. J. Parsons, C. D. Rudd, and I. Ahmed, “Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.,” J. Biomater. Appl. 29(5), 639–653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

E. A. Abou Neel, D. M. Pickup, S. P. Valappil, R. J. Newport, and J. C. Knowles, “Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(6), 690–701 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (5)

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er3+ doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 143–148 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. C. Bunker, G. W. Arnold, and J. A. Wilder, “Phosphate glass dissolution in aqueous solutions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 64(3), 291–316 (1984).
[Crossref]

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Massera, Y. Shpotyuk, F. Sabatier, T. Jouan, C. Boussard-Plédel, C. Roiland, B. Bureau, L. Petit, N. G. Boetti, D. Milanese, and L. Hupa, “Processing and characterization of novel borophosphate glasses and fibers for medical applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 425, 52–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. K. Brow, “Review: the structure of simple phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264(1), 1–28 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

N. G. Boetti, G. C. Scarpignato, J. Lousteau, D. Pugliese, L. Bastard, J.-E. Broquin, and D. Milanese, “High concentration Yb-Er co-doped phosphate glass for optical fiber amplification,” J. Opt. 17(6), 065705 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lasers Med. Sci. (1)

L. Brancaleon and H. Moseley, “Laser and non-laser light sources for photodynamic therapy,” Lasers Med. Sci. 17(3), 173–186 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2–Na2O–CaO–P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2–3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

G. Novajra, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, and C. Vitale-Brovarone, “Resorbable hollow phosphate glass fibres as controlled release systems for biomedical applications,” Mater. Lett. 99, 125–127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Eng. C (1)

C. Vitale-Brovarone, G. Novajra, D. Milanese, J. Lousteau, and J. C. Knowles, “Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications: Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 31(2), 434–442 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. M. Smith, M. C. Mancini, and S. Nie, “Bioimaging: second window for in vivo imaging,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(11), 710–711 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Choi, J. W. Choi, S. Kim, S. Nizamoglu, S. K. Hahn, and S. H. Yun, “Light-guiding hydrogels for cell-based sensing and optogenetic synthesis in vivo,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 987–994 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Physica B (1)

C.-K. Loong, K. Suzuya, D. L. Price, B. C. Sales, and L. A. Boatner, “Structure and dynamics of phosphate glasses: from ultra- to orthophosphate composition,” Physica B 241–243, 890–896 (1997).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

H. Tao, J. M. Kainerstorfer, S. M. Siebert, E. M. Pritchard, A. Sassaroli, B. J. B. Panilaitis, M. A. Brenckle, J. J. Amsden, J. Levitt, S. Fantini, D. L. Kaplan, and F. G. Omenetto, “Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(48), 19584–19589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

F. A. Jerkins and H. E. White, Foundamentals of Optics (McGraw Hill, 1981).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Refractive index values of the prepared glasses as a function of the MgO content at three different wavelengths (633, 980, 1312 nm). The symbols represent the experimental data, while continuous green lines are the linear fitting curves.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption coefficient spectrum of BPh1 glass; the inset shows the zoom-up of the spectra of all the glass compositions in the region between 190 and 300 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Diameter values of the prepared glass fibers after 3, 7, 14 and 21 days of soaking in PBS.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Weight loss percentage of the fibers of the different compositions after 21 days of soaking in PBS. For the benefit of the reader, the MgO molar concentration values are reported on top of the histogram bars.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 pH variations in PBS during the dissolution test.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Section of the optical fiber.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Attenuation loss of the optical fiber at 1300 nm (a) and at 633 nm (b).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Near-field pictures show only the fundamental mode propagating at 1300 nm (a), while higher order modes can be observed at 633 nm (b).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Thermal and physical properties of the manufactured phosphate glasses: glass transition temperature Tg, crystallization temperature Tx, glass stability parameter ΔT, coefficient of thermal expansion CTE, softening temperature Ts and density ρ

Tables Icon

Table 2 Numerical apertures at 633 nm of glass BPh1 coupled to BPh2, BPh3 and BPh4

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