Abstract

Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics (GCs) containing LaOF:Er3+ nanocrystals were synthesized. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra and transmission electron microscope (TEM) confirmed the formation of LaOF nanocrystals in glass matrix. Energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) results and Judd–Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters demonstrated the incorporation of Er3+ into LaOF nanocrystals. Enhanced 2.7 μm emission was achieved upon excitation with a 980 nm laser diode (LD). Upconversion, near-infrared emissions, and energy transfer mechanisms were studied to elucidate 2.7 μm emission behaviors. The enhanced 2.7 μm emission is most likely ascribed to the incorporation of Er3+ ions into the low phonon energy LaOF nanocrystals. The excellent optical properties of this GC material indicate that it is a promising candidate for mid-infrared fiber lasers.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
2.7 μm emission in Er3+ doped glass ceramics containing lutetium oxyfluoride nanocrystals

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, W. J. Zhang, and Q. Y. Zhang
Opt. Mater. Express 6(9) 2759-2768 (2016)

2.7 μm emission in Er3+-doped transparent tellurite glass ceramics

S. L. Kang, D. D. Chen, Q. W. Pan, J. R. Qiu, and G. P. Dong
Opt. Mater. Express 6(6) 1861-1870 (2016)

Broadening and enhancing 2.7  μm emission spectra in Er/Ho co-doped oxyfluoride germanosilicate glass ceramics by imparting multiple local structures to rare earth ions

Qunhuo Liu, Ying Tian, Wenhua Tang, Feifei Huang, Xufeng Jing, Junjie Zhang, and Shiqing Xu
Photon. Res. 6(4) 339-345 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Henderson-Sapir, J. Munch, and D. J. Ottaway, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers at and beyond 3.5 μm using dual-wavelength pumping,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 493–496 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).
  5. T. Wei, Y. Tian, C. Tian, X. F. Jing, J. J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Optical spectroscopy and population behavior between 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels of erbium doped germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2150–2165 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. G. Wu, S. Fan, Y. Zhang, G. Chai, Z. Ma, M. Peng, J. Qiu, and G. Dong, “2.7 μm emission in Er3+:CaF2 nanocrystals embedded oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3071–3074 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. S. Ma, J. B. Qiu, D. C. Zhou, Z. W. Yang, and Z. G. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  20. R. P. Bauman and S. P. S. Porto, “Lattice vibrations and structure of rare-earth fluorides,” Phys. Rev. 161(3), 842–847 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  21. F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Schweizer, D. W. Hewak, B. N. Samson, and D. N. Payne, “Spectroscopic data of the 1.8-, 2.9-, and 4.3-microm transitions in dysprosium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide glass,” Opt. Lett. 21(19), 1594–1596 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of 2.7 μm emission from diode-pumped Er3+/Pr3+-codoped fluorophosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 109–111 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  28. F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. F. Huang, J. Cheng, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Ho3+/Er3+ doped fluoride glass sensitized by Ce3+ pumped by 1550 nm LD for efficient 2.0 μm laser applications,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20924–20935 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (8)

O. Henderson-Sapir, J. Munch, and D. J. Ottaway, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers at and beyond 3.5 μm using dual-wavelength pumping,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 493–496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Ma, J. B. Qiu, D. C. Zhou, Z. W. Yang, and Z. G. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Cheng, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Ho3+/Er3+ doped fluoride glass sensitized by Ce3+ pumped by 1550 nm LD for efficient 2.0 μm laser applications,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20924–20935 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wei, Y. Tian, C. Tian, X. F. Jing, J. J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Optical spectroscopy and population behavior between 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels of erbium doped germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2150–2165 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wu, S. Fan, Y. Zhang, G. Chai, Z. Ma, M. Peng, J. Qiu, and G. Dong, “2.7 μm emission in Er3+:CaF2 nanocrystals embedded oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3071–3074 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of 2.7 μm emission from diode-pumped Er3+/Pr3+-codoped fluorophosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 109–111 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

R. P. Bauman and S. P. S. Porto, “Lattice vibrations and structure of rare-earth fluorides,” Phys. Rev. 161(3), 842–847 (1967).
[Crossref]

Affatigato, M.

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ardelean, I.

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bauman, R. P.

R. P. Bauman and S. P. S. Porto, “Lattice vibrations and structure of rare-earth fluorides,” Phys. Rev. 161(3), 842–847 (1967).
[Crossref]

Bhattacharyya, S.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bi, Z. F.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Biner, D.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cai, M.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camy, P.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chai, G.

G. Wu, S. Fan, Y. Zhang, G. Chai, Z. Ma, M. Peng, J. Qiu, and G. Dong, “2.7 μm emission in Er3+:CaF2 nanocrystals embedded oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3071–3074 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chai, G. Q.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, B. J.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Cheng, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Ho3+/Er3+ doped fluoride glass sensitized by Ce3+ pumped by 1550 nm LD for efficient 2.0 μm laser applications,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20924–20935 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D. D.

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. P.

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. Q.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. Y.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

Cheng, L. H.

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Pablos-Martín, A.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dickinson, M. R.

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, G.

G. Wu, S. Fan, Y. Zhang, G. Chai, Z. Ma, M. Peng, J. Qiu, and G. Dong, “2.7 μm emission in Er3+:CaF2 nanocrystals embedded oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3071–3074 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, G. P.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dubinskii, M.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Duran, A.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Grimm, J.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gudel, H. U.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Henderson-Sapir, O.

Hewak, D. W.

Hoche, Th.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holsa, J.

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hölsä, J.

J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
[Crossref]

Honma, T.

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

Hu, L. L.

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y. B.

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, A. P.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Cheng, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Ho3+/Er3+ doped fluoride glass sensitized by Ce3+ pumped by 1550 nm LD for efficient 2.0 μm laser applications,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20924–20935 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, F. F.

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

Jackson, S. D.

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jing, X.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jing, X. F.

Jinschek, J. R.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

King, T. A.

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Komatsu, T.

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kramer, K. W.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Labbe, C.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, L. W.

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, J. Cheng, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Ho3+/Er3+ doped fluoride glass sensitized by Ce3+ pumped by 1550 nm LD for efficient 2.0 μm laser applications,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20924–20935 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. Q.

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

Liu, X. Y.

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lucacel, R. C.

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ma, C. S.

Ma, E.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y. Y.

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

Ma, Z.

Marcus, C.

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mather, G. C.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Munch, J.

Munoz, F.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ottaway, D. J.

Pascual, M. J.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Patzig, C.

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

Peng, M.

Pierce, M. C.

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piriou, B.

J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pisarski, W.

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Porto, S. P. S.

R. P. Bauman and S. P. S. Porto, “Lattice vibrations and structure of rare-earth fluorides,” Phys. Rev. 161(3), 842–847 (1967).
[Crossref]

Qian, Q.

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wu, S. Fan, Y. Zhang, G. Chai, Z. Ma, M. Peng, J. Qiu, and G. Dong, “2.7 μm emission in Er3+:CaF2 nanocrystals embedded oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3071–3074 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. B.

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Ma, J. B. Qiu, D. C. Zhou, Z. W. Yang, and Z. G. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rahiala, H.

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rasanen, M.

J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
[Crossref]

Saillynoja, E.

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

Samson, B. N.

Sanamyan, T.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schweizer, T.

Shinozaki, K.

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simmons, J.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sloan, P.

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Z. G.

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Ma, J. B. Qiu, D. C. Zhou, Z. W. Yang, and Z. G. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, J. S.

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Suyver, J. F.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Thuau, M.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tian, C.

Tian, Y.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, C. Tian, X. F. Jing, J. J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Optical spectroscopy and population behavior between 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels of erbium doped germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2150–2165 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of 2.7 μm emission from diode-pumped Er3+/Pr3+-codoped fluorophosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 109–111 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Timar, V.

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

Valkonen, J.

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

van Veen, M. K.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W. C.

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. S.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wei, T.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wei, Y. Tian, C. Tian, X. F. Jing, J. J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Optical spectroscopy and population behavior between 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels of erbium doped germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2150–2165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, G.

Xiao, Z. S.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, R.

Xu, R. R.

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S. Q.

Yang, J.

Yang, Z.

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z. M.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. W.

Yu, T.

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. L.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F. F.

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of 2.7 μm emission from diode-pumped Er3+/Pr3+-codoped fluorophosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 109–111 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. J.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, C. Tian, X. F. Jing, J. J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Optical spectroscopy and population behavior between 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels of erbium doped germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2150–2165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. J.

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhong, H. Y.

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D. C.

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Ma, J. B. Qiu, D. C. Zhou, Z. W. Yang, and Z. G. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L. H.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y. C.

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

F. F. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, J. Yuan, D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped oxyfluoride tellurite glasses for a diode-pump mid-infrared laser,” AIP Adv. 4(4), 047101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

CrystEngComm (1)

A. de Pablos-Martín, F. Munoz, G. C. Mather, C. Patzig, S. Bhattacharyya, J. R. Jinschek, Th. Hoche, A. Duran, and M. J. Pascual, “KLaF4 nanocrystallisation in oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” CrystEngComm 15(47), 10323–10332 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

F. Zhang, Z. F. Bi, J. Y. Chen, A. P. Huang, Y. C. Zhu, B. J. Chen, and Z. S. Xiao, “Spectroscopic investigation of Er3+ in fluorotellurite glasses for 2.7 μm luminescence,” J. Alloys Compd. 649, 1191–1196 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. B. Hu, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, and D. C. Zhou, “Ag2O dependent up-conversion luminescence properties in Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluorogermanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083512 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (3)

X. Liu, M. Li, X. Wang, F. Huang, Y. Ma, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “~2µm Luminescence properties and nonradiative processes of Tm3+ in silicate glass,” J. Lumin. 150, 40–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. F. Huang, Y. Y. Ma, L. W. Liu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission of Er3+-doped low hydroxyl fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, “2.7 μm Emission from Transparent Er3+, Tm3+ Codoped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Y3Al5O12) Nanocrystals–Tellurate Glass Composites by Novel Comelting Technology,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(37), 19941–19950 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, and L. H. Zhou, “Microstructure and luminescence of transparent glass ceramic containing Er3+:BaF2 nano-crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(2), 532–537 (2006).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

M. C. Pierce, S. D. Jackson, M. R. Dickinson, T. A. King, and P. Sloan, “Laser-tissue interaction with a continuous wave 3-mcm fibre laser: Preliminary studies with soft tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 26(5), 491–495 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

Y. Liu, X. Y. Liu, W. C. Wang, T. Yu, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er3+ in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF4 nanocrystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 76, 305–310 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8 μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209(1-3), 193–199 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (3)

Y. Tian, R. R. Xu, L. L. Hu, and J. J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, J. S. Sun, Y. Tian, X. Q. Zhang, and B. J. Chen, “Excited state absorption cross sections of 4I13/2 of Er3+ in ZBLAN,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1658–1662 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Shinozaki, W. Pisarski, M. Affatigato, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Glass structure and NIR emission of Er3+ at 1.5 μm in oxyfluoride BaF2–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. 50, 238–243 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. P. Bauman and S. P. S. Porto, “Lattice vibrations and structure of rare-earth fluorides,” Phys. Rev. 161(3), 842–847 (1967).
[Crossref]

Polyhedron (1)

J. Holsa, E. Saillynoja, H. Rahiala, and J. Valkonen, “Characterization of the non-stoichiometry in lanthanum oxyfluoride by FT-IR absorption, Raman scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analysis,” Polyhedron 16(19), 3421–3427 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

F. F. Huang, X. Q. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8233 (2015).

T. Wei, Y. Tian, F. Chen, M. Cai, J. Zhang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6060 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chai, G. Dong, J. Qiu, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Sci. (1)

R. C. Lucacel, C. Marcus, V. Timar, and I. Ardelean, “FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic studies on B2O3-PbO-Ag2O glasses dopped with manganese ions,” Solid State Sci. 9(9), 850–854 (2007).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta A (1)

J. Hölsä, B. Piriou, and M. Rasanen, “IR- and Raman-active normal vibrations of rare earth oxyfluorides, REOF; RE=Y, La, and Gd,” Spectrochim. Acta A 49(4), 465–470 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 DSC curve of the as-prepared glass.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 XRD patterns of as-prepared glass and resulting GCs obtained by heat treatment at 600°C-640°C for 4 h.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Raman spectra of undoped as-prepared glass and GCs heat-treated at 600°C-640°C for 4 h.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) TEM micrograph and corresponding SAED pattern, (b) HRTEM image, and (c) EDS spectra of GC sample heat-treated at 630oC for 4 h, (d)-(h) STEM–HAADF and the two-dimensional mapping distribution images of La, O, F, Er elements, respectively. The square 1 and square 2 in figure (d) indicate the nanocrystals-rich region and glass matrix, separately.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption spectra of as-prepared glass and GCs heat-treated at 600°C-640°C for 4 h. Inset shows the images of as-prepared glass and GCs with 1.5 mm thickness.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) 2.7 μm, (b) upconversion, and (c) 1.53 μm emission spectra of as-prepared glass and GCs heat-treated at 600°C-640°C for 4 h pumped by a 980 nm LD.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Absorption and stimulated emission cross sections, and (b) gain cross sections at 2.7 μm in GC sample heat-treated at 640°C for 4 h.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Energy level diagram and energy transfer sketch of Er3+ pumped by 980 nm LD.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 J–O intensity parameters of Er3+ in different samples

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D = K λ β cos θ
G ( λ , P ) = P σ e m ( λ ) ( 1 P ) σ a b s ( λ )

Metrics