Abstract

A wafer-scale, hybrid metasurface consisting of randomly-distributed silver nanoparticles and silver substrate separated by a dielectric spacer is reported to realize the enhancement of optical absorption and Raman spectroscopy of graphene. Induced by the surface plasmon resonance, strong localized optical field and broadband absorption from the designed hybrid metasurface are achieved at visible frequencies. As a result, with graphene sheet transferred on the top of the metasurface, the absorption of graphene is remarkably improved across the entire visible region and its signal of surface enhanced Raman scattering is boosted more than 50-fold than that of single layer silver nanoparticles without silver substrate. We envision this lithography-free, hybrid metasurface would be a promising candidate as a platform for the optoelectronic applications of ultrathin two-dimensional materials.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  25. J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
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  27. G. Zheng, H. Zhang, L. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced absorption of graphene monolayer with a single-layer resonant grating at the Brewster angle in the visible range,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2274–2277 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. Y. Du, Y. Zhao, Y. Qu, C. H. Chen, C. M. Chen, C. H. Chuang, and Y. Zhu, “Enhanced light–matter interaction of graphene–gold nanoparticle hybrid films for highperformance SERS detection,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(23), 4683–4691 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  32. X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. K. Sarychev, G. Shvets, and V. M. Shalaev, “Magnetic plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3), 036609 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Facile synthesis of Ag interlayer doped graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene as solid carbon source,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(4), 2041–2047 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

Y. Long, L. Shen, H. Xu, H. Deng, and Y. Li, “Achieving ultranarrow graphene perfect absorbers by exciting guided-mode resonance of one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32312 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zheng, H. Zhang, L. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced absorption of graphene monolayer with a single-layer resonant grating at the Brewster angle in the visible range,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2274–2277 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

W. Wang, A. Klots, Y. Yang, W. Li, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, K. I. Bolotin, and J. Valentine, “Enhanced absorption in two-dimensional materials via Fano-resonant photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181104 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, A. E. Schlather, Z. Liu, P. M. Ajayan, F. J. de Abajo, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, and N. J. Halas, “Active Tunable absorption enhancement with graphene nanodisk arrays,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 299–304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Du, Y. Zhao, Y. Qu, C. H. Chen, C. M. Chen, C. H. Chuang, and Y. Zhu, “Enhanced light–matter interaction of graphene–gold nanoparticle hybrid films for highperformance SERS detection,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(23), 4683–4691 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Zhang, T. Liu, B. Meng, X. Li, G. Liang, X. Hu, and Q. J. Wang, “Broadband high photoresponse from pure monolayer graphene photodetector,” Nat. Commun. 4(6), 1811 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hashemi, M. H. Farzad, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Enhanced absorption of graphene in the visible region by use of plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055003 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, “Band structure of plasmons and optical absorption enhancement in graphene on subwavelength dielectric gratings at infrared frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Facile synthesis of Ag interlayer doped graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene as solid carbon source,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(4), 2041–2047 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Miao, S. Tongay, M. K. Petterson, K. Berke, A. G. Rinzler, B. R. Appleton, and A. F. Hebard, “High efficiency graphene solar cells by chemical doping,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2745–2750 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna sandwich photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Grigorenko, M. Poloni, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 749–758 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 579 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stomer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9–10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

A. K. Sarychev, G. Shvets, and V. M. Shalaev, “Magnetic plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3), 036609 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agrawal, M.

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aivazian, G.

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajayan, P. M.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, A. E. Schlather, Z. Liu, P. M. Ajayan, F. J. de Abajo, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, and N. J. Halas, “Active Tunable absorption enhancement with graphene nanodisk arrays,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 299–304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna sandwich photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appleton, B. R.

X. Miao, S. Tongay, M. K. Petterson, K. Berke, A. G. Rinzler, B. R. Appleton, and A. F. Hebard, “High efficiency graphene solar cells by chemical doping,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2745–2750 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assefa, S.

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
[Crossref]

Avouris, P.

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, J.

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 579 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Z.

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becerril, H. A.

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berke, K.

X. Miao, S. Tongay, M. K. Petterson, K. Berke, A. G. Rinzler, B. R. Appleton, and A. F. Hebard, “High efficiency graphene solar cells by chemical doping,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2745–2750 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Best, M. D.

D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blake, P.

P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
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A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
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T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna sandwich photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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M. Hashemi, M. H. Farzad, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Enhanced absorption of graphene in the visible region by use of plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055003 (2013).
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P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
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X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
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K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stomer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9–10), 351–355 (2008).
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S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
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J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
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J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stomer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9–10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

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D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
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Song, Y. I.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stauber, T.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stomer, H. L.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stomer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9–10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, H. B.

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Facile synthesis of Ag interlayer doped graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene as solid carbon source,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(4), 2041–2047 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tongay, S.

X. Miao, S. Tongay, M. K. Petterson, K. Berke, A. G. Rinzler, B. R. Appleton, and A. F. Hebard, “High efficiency graphene solar cells by chemical doping,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2745–2750 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valdes-Garcia, A.

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

W. Wang, A. Klots, Y. Yang, W. Li, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, K. I. Bolotin, and J. Valentine, “Enhanced absorption in two-dimensional materials via Fano-resonant photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wan, J. G.

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. J.

B. Y. Zhang, T. Liu, B. Meng, X. Li, G. Liang, X. Hu, and Q. J. Wang, “Broadband high photoresponse from pure monolayer graphene photodetector,” Nat. Commun. 4(6), 1811 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, A. Klots, Y. Yang, W. Li, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, K. I. Bolotin, and J. Valentine, “Enhanced absorption in two-dimensional materials via Fano-resonant photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, A. E. Schlather, Z. Liu, P. M. Ajayan, F. J. de Abajo, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, and N. J. Halas, “Active Tunable absorption enhancement with graphene nanodisk arrays,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 299–304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna sandwich photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, T.

T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Facile synthesis of Ag interlayer doped graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene as solid carbon source,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(4), 2041–2047 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y. K.

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

M. Hashemi, M. H. Farzad, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Enhanced absorption of graphene in the visible region by use of plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Y. Long, L. Shen, H. Xu, H. Deng, and Y. Li, “Achieving ultranarrow graphene perfect absorbers by exciting guided-mode resonance of one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32312 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Xu, T.

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

W. Wang, A. Klots, Y. Yang, W. Li, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, K. I. Bolotin, and J. Valentine, “Enhanced absorption in two-dimensional materials via Fano-resonant photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, W.

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, T. R.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, “Band structure of plasmons and optical absorption enhancement in graphene on subwavelength dielectric gratings at infrared frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. Y.

B. Y. Zhang, T. Liu, B. Meng, X. Li, G. Liang, X. Hu, and Q. J. Wang, “Broadband high photoresponse from pure monolayer graphene photodetector,” Nat. Commun. 4(6), 1811 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, X.

J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. M.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F. Y.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, “Band structure of plasmons and optical absorption enhancement in graphene on subwavelength dielectric gratings at infrared frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. M.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Du, Y. Zhao, Y. Qu, C. H. Chen, C. M. Chen, C. H. Chuang, and Y. Zhu, “Enhanced light–matter interaction of graphene–gold nanoparticle hybrid films for highperformance SERS detection,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(23), 4683–4691 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhong, Z.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, H.

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 579 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, A. E. Schlather, Z. Liu, P. M. Ajayan, F. J. de Abajo, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, and N. J. Halas, “Active Tunable absorption enhancement with graphene nanodisk arrays,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 299–304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Du, Y. Zhao, Y. Qu, C. H. Chen, C. M. Chen, C. H. Chuang, and Y. Zhu, “Enhanced light–matter interaction of graphene–gold nanoparticle hybrid films for highperformance SERS detection,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(23), 4683–4691 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zi, J.

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, “Band structure of plasmons and optical absorption enhancement in graphene on subwavelength dielectric gratings at infrared frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Facile synthesis of Ag interlayer doped graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene as solid carbon source,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(4), 2041–2047 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

J. Wu, M. Agrawal, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic light-emitting diodes on solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” ACS Nano 4(1), 43–48 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, A. Klots, Y. Yang, W. Li, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, K. I. Bolotin, and J. Valentine, “Enhanced absorption in two-dimensional materials via Fano-resonant photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181104 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hu, Y. Q. Huang, X. F. Duan, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and X. M. Ren, “Enhanced absorption of graphene strips with a multilayer subwavelength grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(22), 221113 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

Y. Du, Y. Zhao, Y. Qu, C. H. Chen, C. M. Chen, C. H. Chuang, and Y. Zhu, “Enhanced light–matter interaction of graphene–gold nanoparticle hybrid films for highperformance SERS detection,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(23), 4683–4691 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

M. Hashemi, M. H. Farzad, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Enhanced absorption of graphene in the visible region by use of plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Opt. 15(5), 055003 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

H. B. Sun, J. Wu, Y. Han, J. Y. Wang, F. Q. Song, and J. G. Wan, “Nonisothermal synthesis of AB-Stacked bilayer graphene on Cu foils by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(26), 14655–14661 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (5)

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, A. E. Schlather, Z. Liu, P. M. Ajayan, F. J. de Abajo, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, and N. J. Halas, “Active Tunable absorption enhancement with graphene nanodisk arrays,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 299–304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna sandwich photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Blake, P. D. Brimicombe, R. R. Nair, T. J. Booth, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, L. A. Ponomarenko, S. V. Morozov, H. F. Gleeson, E. W. Hill, A. K. Geim, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene-Based liquid crystal device,” Nano Lett. 8(6), 1704–1708 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Miao, S. Tongay, M. K. Petterson, K. Berke, A. G. Rinzler, B. R. Appleton, and A. F. Hebard, “High efficiency graphene solar cells by chemical doping,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2745–2750 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (4)

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Zhang, T. Liu, B. Meng, X. Li, G. Liang, X. Hu, and Q. J. Wang, “Broadband high photoresponse from pure monolayer graphene photodetector,” Nat. Commun. 4(6), 1811 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 579 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (4)

D. Sun, G. Aivazian, A. M. Jones, J. S. Ross, W. Yao, D. Cobden, and X. Xu, “Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(2), 114–118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (4)

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. N. Grigorenko, M. Poloni, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 749–758 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

T. R. Zhan, F. Y. Zhao, X. H. Hu, X. H. Liu, and J. Zi, “Band structure of plasmons and optical absorption enhancement in graphene on subwavelength dielectric gratings at infrared frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165416 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

A. K. Sarychev, G. Shvets, and V. M. Shalaev, “Magnetic plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3), 036609 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Wang, W. Zhu, M. D. Best, J. P. Camden, and K. B. Crozier, “Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 3(6154), 2867 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Long, L. Shen, H. Xu, H. Deng, and Y. Li, “Achieving ultranarrow graphene perfect absorbers by exciting guided-mode resonance of one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32312 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stomer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9–10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the graphene-coated MDM hybrid metasurface structure. The graphene film is covered on the top of the MDM metasurface. Silver nanoparticles are deposited on a SiO2 spacer above a 200 nm-thick silver film. Silicon wafer is used as the supporting substrate. (b) Image of prepared MDM metasurface with a diameter of 1 inch.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Histogram of effective diameter of silver nanoparticle of the hybrid metasurface. Insert: Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the metasurface. Scale bars is 300 nm. (b) Experimentally measured optical absorptions spectra of the hybrid metasurface.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field intensity and electric displacement (black arrows) distribution at the cross-section plane for single cylindrical silver nanoparticle (a) with and without silver substrate. The electric field intensity distribution on the top surface for mass silver nanoparticles (c) with and (d) without silver substrate. The shape and size of silver nanoparticles in (c) and (d) are obtained from the actual SEM image in an 800 nm × 800 nm region.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The Raman spectrum of graphene film on the SiO2/Si substrate. Insert: The SEM image of graphene sheet transferred on top of MDM metasurface. (b) Measured optical absorption spectra of graphene sheet on metasurface. The reference is the measured optical absorption of graphene sheet on SiO2 substrate.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Raman spectra of the graphene transferred on the hybrid MDM metasurface. The reference sample has same distributed silver nanoparticles without metal substrate. The signal from reference sample is multiplied by 10 for ease of visualization. (b) Raman mapping image of 1585 cm−1 Raman line of graphene on metasurface structure.

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