Abstract

The vertical alignment of reactive mesogen molecules was induced on an oxygen plasma-treated glass surface without using a liquid crystal (LC) alignment layer. Optical retardation of the vertically aligned LC cell resulted in a critical limit that depends on the thickness of liquid crystals. However, the vertical alignment in the LC cell could not be maintained after UV curing if its thickness was greater than 5 μm or if the curing temperature was within the LC phase temperature. In this study, very thin films with vertical LC orientation were obtained by curing reactive mesogen in the supercooled nematic phase below the equilibrium melting temperature.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).
  2. J. Lub, D. J. Broer, and P. van de Witte, “Colourful photo-curable coatings for application in the electro-optical industry,” Prog. Org. Coat. 45, 211–217 (2002).
  3. H. Mori, “Novel optical compensators of negative birefringence for wide-viewing-angle twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(1), 1068–1072 (1997).
  4. P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).
  5. D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).
  6. I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).
  7. M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).
  8. D. J. Broer, J. Boven, and G. N. Mol, “In-situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid-crystalline acrylates, 3 oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190, 2255–2268 (1989).
  9. D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).
  10. D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).
  11. P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).
  12. R. A. Ramsey and S. C. Sharma, “Holographically recorded reverse-mode transmission gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 481–489 (2008).
  13. S. T. Wu, “Phase-matched compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 163–168 (1995).
  14. B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).
  15. Y. Kim, M. Lee, H. S. Wang, and K. Song, “The effect of surface polarity of glass on liquid crystal alignment,” Liq. Cryst. (to be published).

2015 (1)

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

2008 (1)

R. A. Ramsey and S. C. Sharma, “Holographically recorded reverse-mode transmission gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 481–489 (2008).

2002 (3)

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

J. Lub, D. J. Broer, and P. van de Witte, “Colourful photo-curable coatings for application in the electro-optical industry,” Prog. Org. Coat. 45, 211–217 (2002).

2001 (2)

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).

2000 (2)

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).

1999 (1)

P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).

1997 (1)

H. Mori, “Novel optical compensators of negative birefringence for wide-viewing-angle twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(1), 1068–1072 (1997).

1995 (1)

S. T. Wu, “Phase-matched compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 163–168 (1995).

1992 (1)

I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).

1989 (1)

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, and G. N. Mol, “In-situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid-crystalline acrylates, 3 oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190, 2255–2268 (1989).

Alkhairalla, B.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Bae, J.

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

Bastiaansen, C.

D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).

Boden, N.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Boven, J.

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, and G. N. Mol, “In-situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid-crystalline acrylates, 3 oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190, 2255–2268 (1989).

Brehmer, M.

P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).

Broer, D. J.

J. Lub, D. J. Broer, and P. van de Witte, “Colourful photo-curable coatings for application in the electro-optical industry,” Prog. Org. Coat. 45, 211–217 (2002).

D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).

I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, and G. N. Mol, “In-situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid-crystalline acrylates, 3 oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190, 2255–2268 (1989).

Cairns, D. R.

D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).

Cheadle, E.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Chigrinov, V. G.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Coates, D.

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

Colorado, R.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Crawford, G. P.

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).

Evans, S. D.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Fukushima, H.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Graupe, M.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Henderson, J. R.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Heynderickx, I.

I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).

Kim, A.

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, M. Lee, H. S. Wang, and K. Song, “The effect of surface polarity of glass on liquid crystal alignment,” Liq. Cryst. (to be published).

Kossyrev, P. A.

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

Kozenkov, V. M.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Kwok, H. S.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Lee, M.

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

Y. Kim, M. Lee, H. S. Wang, and K. Song, “The effect of surface polarity of glass on liquid crystal alignment,” Liq. Cryst. (to be published).

Lee, T. R.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Lub, J.

J. Lub, D. J. Broer, and P. van de Witte, “Colourful photo-curable coatings for application in the electro-optical industry,” Prog. Org. Coat. 45, 211–217 (2002).

P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).

Marden, S.

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

Miyashita, S.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Mol, G. N.

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, and G. N. Mol, “In-situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid-crystalline acrylates, 3 oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190, 2255–2268 (1989).

Mori, H.

H. Mori, “Novel optical compensators of negative birefringence for wide-viewing-angle twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(1), 1068–1072 (1997).

Parri, O.

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

Pelcovits, R. A.

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

Priezjev, N. V.

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

Prudnikova, E. K.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Qi, J.

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

Ramsey, R. A.

R. A. Ramsey and S. C. Sharma, “Holographically recorded reverse-mode transmission gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 481–489 (2008).

Salhi, F.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Schönherr, H.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Sharma, S. C.

R. A. Ramsey and S. C. Sharma, “Holographically recorded reverse-mode transmission gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 481–489 (2008).

Shmakova, O. E.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Sibulkin, M.

D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).

Slaney, K.

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

Song, K.

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

Y. Kim, M. Lee, H. S. Wang, and K. Song, “The effect of surface polarity of glass on liquid crystal alignment,” Liq. Cryst. (to be published).

Tang, B.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Tervoort-Engelen, T.

I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).

van de Witte, P.

J. Lub, D. J. Broer, and P. van de Witte, “Colourful photo-curable coatings for application in the electro-optical industry,” Prog. Org. Coat. 45, 211–217 (2002).

D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).

P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).

van Haaren, J. A. M. M.

D. J. Broer, J. A. M. M. van Haaren, P. van de Witte, and C. Bastiaansen, “New functional polymers for liquid crystal displays review of some recent development,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 1–13 (2000).

Vancso, G. J.

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

Verrall, M.

D. Coates, O. Parri, M. Verrall, K. Slaney, and S. Marden, “Polymer films derived from aligned and polymerized reactive liquid crystals,” Macromol. Symp. 154, 59–71 (2000).

Wang, H. S.

Y. Kim, M. Lee, H. S. Wang, and K. Song, “The effect of surface polarity of glass on liquid crystal alignment,” Liq. Cryst. (to be published).

Wu, S. T.

S. T. Wu, “Phase-matched compensation films for liquid crystal displays,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 163–168 (1995).

Yip, W. C.

V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, W. C. Yip, V. M. Kozenkov, E. K. Prudnikova, B. Tang, and F. Salhi, “New photo-aligning and photo-patterning technology: super thin internal polarizers, retarders and aligning layers,” Proc. SPIE 4463, 117–131 (2001).

Yun, H.

M. Lee, J. Bae, A. Kim, H. Yun, and K. Song, “Alignments of reactive mesogen using rubbed glass substrates,” Polymer(Korea) 39, 174–179 (2015).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. A. Ramsey and S. C. Sharma, “Holographically recorded reverse-mode transmission gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 481–489 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. R. Cairns, M. Sibulkin, and G. P. Crawford, “Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(18), 2643–2645 (2001).

P. A. Kossyrev, J. Qi, N. V. Priezjev, R. A. Pelcovits, and G. P. Crawford, “Virtual surfaces, director domains, and the Fréedericksz transition in polymer-stabilized nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2986–2988 (2002).

Europhys. Lett. (1)

B. Alkhairalla, N. Boden, E. Cheadle, S. D. Evans, J. R. Henderson, H. Fukushima, S. Miyashita, H. Schönherr, G. J. Vancso, R. Colorado, M. Graupe, O. E. Shmakova, and T. R. Lee, “Anchoring and orientational wetting of nematic liquid crystals on semi-fluorinated self-assembled monolayer surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 59(3), 410–416 (2002).

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

P. van de Witte, M. Brehmer, and J. Lub, “LCD components obtained by patterning of chiral nematic polymer layers,” J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2087–2094 (1999).

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

I. Heynderickx, D. J. Broer, and T. Tervoort-Engelen, “Molecular ordering in a liquid crystalline material visualized by scanning electron microscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 27, 4107–4114 (1992).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Mori, “Novel optical compensators of negative birefringence for wide-viewing-angle twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(1), 1068–1072 (1997).

Macromol. Symp. (2)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Chemical structure of LC242 and schematics of the UV-curing process of reactive mesogen.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 DSC thermogram of LC 242.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagrams of (a) a vertically oriented LC cell and (b) retardation measurement system.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Polarized optical microscope images of LC242 cells made with (a) untreated bare glass and (b) O2 plasma-treated glass substrates (inset: conoscopic image of an LC242 cell).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Retardation profiles of LC242 cells made with O2 plasma-treated glass substrates.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Retardation profiles of vertically oriented LC242 cells measured at different temperatures with cell thicknesses of (a) 5 μm and (b) 25 μm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Retardation profile of the cured LC242 film (5 μm thick).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Retardation profile of LC242 films (2.5 and 1.0 μm thick) cured at 40 °C.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Crossed polarized microscope image and (b) FTIR image of the LC242 film.

Equations (3)

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I I 0 = sin 2 2Ψ sin 2 ( πΔnd λ ) 
n eff = n e n o ( n e 2 cos 2 θ+ n o 2 sin 2 θ) 1/2
δ( θ, λ )=2π (dΔn) eff /λ

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