E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

S. Luo, E. Zhang, Y. Su, T. Cheng, and C. Shi, “A review of NIR dyes in cancer targeting and imaging,” Biomaterials 32(29), 7127–7138 (2011).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, and D. Richards, “Strong coupling of localized plasmons and molecular excitons in nanostructured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(24), 241404 (2009).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, and L. Eng, “Stimulated Emission of Surface Plasmons at the Interface between a Silver Film and an Optically Pumped Dye Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(17), 177401 (2005).

[PubMed]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, “Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(2), 027402 (2003).

[PubMed]

M. Grätzel, “Photoelectrochemical Cells,” Nature 414(6861), 338–344 (2001).

[PubMed]

A. P. F. Turner, “Tech.Sight. Biochemistry. Biosensors--Sense and sensitivity,” Science 290(5495), 1315–1317 (2000).

[PubMed]

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, “Excitation of surface electromagnetic waves on the boundary of a metal with an amplifying medium,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764–766 (1989).

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

W. C. McColgin, A. P. Marchetti, and J. H. Eberly, “The nature of solution spectra. Inhomogeneous broadening and phonon effects in frozen solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100(18), 5622–5626 (1978).

J. E. Selwyn and J. I. Steinfeld, “Aggregation Equilibria of Xanthene Dyes,” J. Phys. Chem. 76(5), 762–774 (1972).

M. Kasha, H. R. Rawls, and M. Ashraf El-Bayoumi, “The exciton model in molecular spectroscopy,” Pure Appl. Chem. 11(3–4), 371–392 (1965).

M. Kasha, “Energy Transfer Mechanisms and the Molecular Exciton Model for Molecular Aggregates,” Radiat. Res. 20(1), 55–70 (1963).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

M. Kasha, H. R. Rawls, and M. Ashraf El-Bayoumi, “The exciton model in molecular spectroscopy,” Pure Appl. Chem. 11(3–4), 371–392 (1965).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, “Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(2), 027402 (2003).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, and D. Richards, “Strong coupling of localized plasmons and molecular excitons in nanostructured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(24), 241404 (2009).

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

S. Luo, E. Zhang, Y. Su, T. Cheng, and C. Shi, “A review of NIR dyes in cancer targeting and imaging,” Biomaterials 32(29), 7127–7138 (2011).

[PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, “Excitation of surface electromagnetic waves on the boundary of a metal with an amplifying medium,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764–766 (1989).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

W. C. McColgin, A. P. Marchetti, and J. H. Eberly, “The nature of solution spectra. Inhomogeneous broadening and phonon effects in frozen solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100(18), 5622–5626 (1978).

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, and L. Eng, “Stimulated Emission of Surface Plasmons at the Interface between a Silver Film and an Optically Pumped Dye Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(17), 177401 (2005).

[PubMed]

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, and L. Eng, “Stimulated Emission of Surface Plasmons at the Interface between a Silver Film and an Optically Pumped Dye Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(17), 177401 (2005).

[PubMed]

M. Grätzel, “Photoelectrochemical Cells,” Nature 414(6861), 338–344 (2001).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

M. Kasha, H. R. Rawls, and M. Ashraf El-Bayoumi, “The exciton model in molecular spectroscopy,” Pure Appl. Chem. 11(3–4), 371–392 (1965).

M. Kasha, “Energy Transfer Mechanisms and the Molecular Exciton Model for Molecular Aggregates,” Radiat. Res. 20(1), 55–70 (1963).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

S. Luo, E. Zhang, Y. Su, T. Cheng, and C. Shi, “A review of NIR dyes in cancer targeting and imaging,” Biomaterials 32(29), 7127–7138 (2011).

[PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

W. C. McColgin, A. P. Marchetti, and J. H. Eberly, “The nature of solution spectra. Inhomogeneous broadening and phonon effects in frozen solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100(18), 5622–5626 (1978).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

W. C. McColgin, A. P. Marchetti, and J. H. Eberly, “The nature of solution spectra. Inhomogeneous broadening and phonon effects in frozen solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100(18), 5622–5626 (1978).

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

M. Chapman, M. Mullen, E. Novoa-Ortega, M. Alhasani, J. F. Elman, and W. B. Euler, “Structural Evolution of Ultrathin Films of Rhodamine 6G on Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(15), 8289–8297 (2016).

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

M. Kasha, H. R. Rawls, and M. Ashraf El-Bayoumi, “The exciton model in molecular spectroscopy,” Pure Appl. Chem. 11(3–4), 371–392 (1965).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, and D. Richards, “Strong coupling of localized plasmons and molecular excitons in nanostructured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(24), 241404 (2009).

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, and D. Richards, “Strong coupling of localized plasmons and molecular excitons in nanostructured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(24), 241404 (2009).

M. A. Noginov, V. A. Podolskiy, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, M. Bahoura, J. A. Adegoke, B. A. Ritzo, and K. Reynolds, “Compensation of loss in propagating surface plasmon polariton by gain in adjacent dielectric medium,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1385–1392 (2008).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, and L. Eng, “Stimulated Emission of Surface Plasmons at the Interface between a Silver Film and an Optically Pumped Dye Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(17), 177401 (2005).

[PubMed]

J. E. Selwyn and J. I. Steinfeld, “Aggregation Equilibria of Xanthene Dyes,” J. Phys. Chem. 76(5), 762–774 (1972).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

S. Luo, E. Zhang, Y. Su, T. Cheng, and C. Shi, “A review of NIR dyes in cancer targeting and imaging,” Biomaterials 32(29), 7127–7138 (2011).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Enhancement of surface plasmons in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 3022–3024 (2006).

[PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature 461(7264), 629–632 (2009).

[PubMed]

J. E. Selwyn and J. I. Steinfeld, “Aggregation Equilibria of Xanthene Dyes,” J. Phys. Chem. 76(5), 762–774 (1972).

E. I. Galanzha, R. Weingold, D. A. Nedosekin, M. Sarimollaoglu, J. Nolan, W. Harrington, A. S. Kuchyanov, R. G. Parkhomenko, F. Watanabe, Z. Nima, A. S. Biris, A. I. Plekhanov, M. I. Stockman, and V. P. Zharov, “Spaser as a biological probe,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15528 (2017).

[PubMed]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, “Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(2), 027402 (2003).

[PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

S. Luo, E. Zhang, Y. Su, T. Cheng, and C. Shi, “A review of NIR dyes in cancer targeting and imaging,” Biomaterials 32(29), 7127–7138 (2011).

[PubMed]

A. N. Sudarkin and P. A. Demkovich, “Excitation of surface electromagnetic waves on the boundary of a metal with an amplifying medium,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34, 764–766 (1989).

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).

[PubMed]

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

E. K. Tanyi, H. Thuman, N. Brown, S. Koutsares, V. A. Podolskiy, and M. A. Noginov, “Control of the Stokes Shift with Strong Coupling,” Adv. Opt. Mat. 5(9), 1600941 (2017).

A. P. F. Turner, “Tech.Sight. Biochemistry. Biosensors--Sense and sensitivity,” Science 290(5495), 1315–1317 (2000).

[PubMed]

P. Venkateswarlu, M. C. George, Y. V. Rao, H. Jagannath, G. Chakrapani, and A. Miahnahri, “Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G,” Pramana - J. Phys. 28(1), 59–71 (1987).

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