Abstract

Enhancing the light absorption in thin-film silicon solar cells is important for improving efficiency and reducing cost. In this paper, we propose a Fourier-series based periodic array (FSPA) for light trapping texture on the front surface of thin film silicon solar cells. The optimized texture with 300nm thickness yields a photocurrent of 27.05 mA/cm2 at a silicon thickness of 1μm. The spectral analysis shows the texture exhibits better than inverted pyramid and cosine surface arrays in near-infrared region. The angular analysis shows that the texture outperforms inverted pyramid and cosine surface arrays at all incidence angles. For incidence angles within about [0°, 65°], the short circuit current density has no obvious decrease.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
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  8. S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  12. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic,1985).
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    [Crossref]
  14. R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Guo, Y. Zhou, B. Liu, and Y. Li, “Cosine light-trapping nanostructures for thin film solar cells,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3866–3868 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (2)

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

C. Haase and H. Stiebig, “Thin-film silicon solar cells with efficient periodic light trapping texture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061116 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alexander, D. T. L.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bailat, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Battaglia, C.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berginski, M.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boccard, M.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boriskina, S. V.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Branham, M. S.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calnan, S.

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cantoni, M.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charrière, M.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
[PubMed]

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derkacs, D.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Despeisse, M.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dewan, R.

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Droz, C.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Escarré, J.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

Garnett, E.

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, X.

Haase, C.

C. Haase and H. Stiebig, “Thin-film silicon solar cells with efficient periodic light trapping texture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hamraz, S.

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S. E.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haug, F. J.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoard, B. R.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, C. M.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. C.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hüpkes, J.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jeong, S.

S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
[PubMed]

Jovanov, V.

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kilper, T.

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knipp, D.

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kroll, U.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lim, S. H.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

Liu, V.

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

Loomis, J.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mar, W.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matheu, P.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

McGehee, M. D.

S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
[PubMed]

Meier, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Müller, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rech, B.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Repmann, T.

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schade, H.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schöpe, G.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schulte, M.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shah, A. V.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Söderström, K.

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Springer, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stiebig, H.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Haase and H. Stiebig, “Thin-film silicon solar cells with efficient periodic light trapping texture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061116 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vallat-Sauvain, E.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

van den Donker, M. N.

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vanecek, M.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wieder, S.

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wuttig, M.

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wyrsch, N.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yang, P.

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yerci, S.

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, E. T.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

ACS Nano (1)

C. Battaglia, C. M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. S. Branham, W. C. Hsu, S. Yerci, J. Loomis, S. V. Boriskina, B. R. Hoard, S. E. Han, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using Periodic Nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 27(13), 2182–2188 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte, G. Schöpe, H. Stiebig, B. Rech, and M. Wuttig, “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 101(7), 074903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Haase and H. Stiebig, “Thin-film silicon solar cells with efficient periodic light trapping texture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. Jeong, M. D. McGehee, and Y. Cui, “All-back-contact ultra-thin silicon nanocone solar cells with 13.7% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4(4), 2950 (2013).
[PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 451–460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. Dewan, V. Jovanov, S. Hamraz, and D. Knipp, “Analyzing periodic and random textured silicon thin film solar cells by Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy (1)

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

B. Rech, T. Repmann, M. N. van den Donker, M. Berginski, T. Kilper, J. Hüpkes, S. Calnan, H. Stiebig, and S. Wieder, “Challenges in microcrystalline silicon based solar cell technology,” Thin Solid Films 511–512(14), 548–555 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic,1985).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of our solar cell structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Short circuit current density as a function of the FSPA periodicity at different thicknesses and incident angles. (a), (b) and (c) correspond to the texture thickness of 100nm, 300nm, 500nm, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The optimized FSPA texture at 300nm thickness. (a) 3D view and (b) top view.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The fabricated FSPA texture. (a) AFM image and (b) its cross section.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectral (a) and angular (b) responses for three textures.

Equations (2)

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f( x,y )= C 0 + i=1 N ( a i cos 2iπx Λ + b i cos 2iπy Λ )
J sc = q hc λ×A(λ)× I AM1.5G (λ)dλ

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