Abstract

Optically-induced grating in ZnTPP doped chiral nematic liquid crystals (CLC) is demonstrated by dual-mode operations, where the dynamic or storage functionality is selected by the amplitude of dc voltage. While the storage can be erased and rewritten by a high dc pulse, it can persist without an electric field, which is the result when the CLC undergoes a switching between a planar and a focal conic state. This tunable dual-functionality grating combines the advantages of bistable storage of CLC and high photosensitivity of dopant, and thus can be potentially exploited in photonic devices to implement different optical information processing in situ.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. H. Suh, B. Y. Lee, S. U. Kim, and S. D. Lee, “Optically switchable grating based on dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal with high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12619–12627 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics, active plasmonics and metamaterials with liquid crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 77–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. F. Yu, “Recent advances in photoresponsive liquid-crystalline polymers containing azobenzene chromophores,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(17), 3047–3054 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (7)

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zheng, D. Zhang, X. Lin, G. Zhu, W. Hu, D. Shen, and Y. Lu, “Bistable state in polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(10), 1353–1358 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

2008 (4)

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. J. Kim, H. R. Yang, S. J. Lee, G. Y. Kim, and C. H. Kwak, “Orientational photorefractive holograms in porphyrin:Zn-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17329–17341 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

I. C. Khoo, K. Chen, and Y. Zhang Williams, “Orientational photorefractive effect in undoped and cdse nanorods-doped nematic liquid crystal—bulk and interface contributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 12(3), 443–450 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, “Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6 Pt 1), 061708 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

W. Lee and S. L. Yeh, “Optical amplification in nematics doped with carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(27), 4488–4490 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

Anczykowska, A.

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bartkiewicz, S.

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bisoyi, H. K.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bunning, T. J.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. P.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. W.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, F. J.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

I. C. Khoo, K. Chen, and Y. Zhang Williams, “Orientational photorefractive effect in undoped and cdse nanorods-doped nematic liquid crystal—bulk and interface contributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 12(3), 443–450 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. Y.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K. T.

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z. D.

Chigrinov, V.

Chin, Y. K. S.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cipparrone, G.

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, “Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6 Pt 1), 061708 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, G.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cui, H. Q.

Evans, D. R.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gentili, M.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, G. F.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, W. L.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, V. K. S.

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hsu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zheng, D. Zhang, X. Lin, G. Zhu, W. Hu, D. Shen, and Y. Lu, “Bistable state in polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(10), 1353–1358 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jau, H. C.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. H.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. J.

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jie, L.

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics, active plasmonics and metamaterials with liquid crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 77–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, K. Chen, and Y. Zhang Williams, “Orientational photorefractive effect in undoped and cdse nanorods-doped nematic liquid crystal—bulk and interface contributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 12(3), 443–450 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, H. Li, and Y. Liang, “Observation of orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1723–1725 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E. J.

Kim, G. Y.

Kim, J.

Kim, S. U.

Korneychuk, P. P.

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kwak, C. H.

Lee, B. Y.

Lee, S. D.

Lee, S. J.

Lee, W.

W. Lee and S. T. Wu, “Focus issue introduction: liquid crystal materials for photonic applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1585–1587 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Lee and S. L. Yeh, “Optical amplification in nematics doped with carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(27), 4488–4490 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, H. J.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

Lin, T. H.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, X.

Lin, X. W.

Liu, B.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. K.

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. K.

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. J. You, T. Xia, E. Wang, and Z. D. Cheng, “Observation of the photorefractive effects in bent-core liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3434–3444 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, J. G.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. H. Jiang, H. J. Li, W. Hu, G. F. He, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. S. Chin, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 12, 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Lu, Y. Q.

Lucchetti, L.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysliwiec, J.

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nyk, M.

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ostroverkhov, V.

Pagliusi, P.

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, “Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6 Pt 1), 061708 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pavliuchenko, S.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pinkevych, I. P.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reshestnyak, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reshetnyak, V.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reshetnyak, V. Y.

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Reshetnyak, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reznikov, Y.

Reznikov, Y. A.

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, D. Zhang, X. Lin, G. Zhu, W. Hu, D. Shen, and Y. Lu, “Bistable state in polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(10), 1353–1358 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, L. P.

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singer, K. D.

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sluckin, T. J.

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, A.

Su, Y. C.

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

Subota, S.

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suh, J. H.

Sun, J. T.

Tereshchenko, O. G.

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ting, C. L.

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, E.

Wang, H.

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Wang, L.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, J.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y.

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Xia, T.

Xiang, Y.

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. J. You, T. Xia, E. Wang, and Z. D. Cheng, “Observation of the photorefractive effects in bent-core liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3434–3444 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

Yang, H.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. R.

Yang, S. L.

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yeh, S. L.

W. Lee and S. L. Yeh, “Optical amplification in nematics doped with carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(27), 4488–4490 (2001).
[Crossref]

You, H. J.

Yu, H. F.

H. F. Yu, “Recent advances in photoresponsive liquid-crystalline polymers containing azobenzene chromophores,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(17), 3047–3054 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L. P.

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. Y.

Zhang Williams, Y.

I. C. Khoo, K. Chen, and Y. Zhang Williams, “Orientational photorefractive effect in undoped and cdse nanorods-doped nematic liquid crystal—bulk and interface contributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 12(3), 443–450 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, D. Zhang, X. Lin, G. Zhu, W. Hu, D. Shen, and Y. Lu, “Bistable state in polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(10), 1353–1358 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z. G.

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

W. Lee and S. L. Yeh, “Optical amplification in nematics doped with carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(27), 4488–4490 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, C. W. Chen, J. H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Anczykowska, S. Bartkiewicz, M. Nyk, and J. Mysliwiec, “Study of semiconductor quantum dots influence on photorefractivity of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 101107 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

I. C. Khoo, K. Chen, and Y. Zhang Williams, “Orientational photorefractive effect in undoped and cdse nanorods-doped nematic liquid crystal—bulk and interface contributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 12(3), 443–450 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, T. Li, S. L. Yang, and Z. J. Jiang, “Laser induced gratings enhanced by surface-charge mediated electric field in doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063107 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Yu. Reshetnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, T. J. Sluckin, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, “Beam coupling in hybrid photorefractive inorganic-cholesteric liquid crystal cells: Impact of optical rotation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103103 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

Y. J. Liu, Y. C. Su, Y. J. Hsu, and V. K. S. Hsiao, “Light-induced spectral shifting generated from azo-dye doped holographic 2D gratings,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(28), 14191–14195 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, H. Wu, F. J. Chen, L. P. Zhang, W. L. He, H. Yang, and J. Wei, “Fabrication of multi-pitched photonic structure in cholesteric liquid crystals based on a polymer template with helical structure,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(20), 4094–4102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

Z. Zheng, B. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. F. Yu, “Recent advances in photoresponsive liquid-crystalline polymers containing azobenzene chromophores,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(17), 3047–3054 (2014).
[Crossref]

JOSA B (1)

P. P. Korneychuk, O. G. Tereshchenko, Y. A. Reznikov, V. Y. Reshetnyak, and K. D. Singer, “Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer,” JOSA B 23(6), 1007–1011 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

Y. Wen, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, and D. Shen, “Photoinduced phase transition behaviours of the liquid crystal blue phase doped with azobenzene bent-shaped molecules,” Liq. Cryst. 39(4), 509–514 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

V. Yu. Reshestnyak, I. P. Pinkevych, G. Cook, D. R. Evans, and T. J. Sluckin, “Two-Beam Energy Exchange in a Hybrid Photorefractive Inorganic-Cholesteric Cell,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 560(1), 8–22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

Z. G. Zheng, Y. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Three-dimensional control of the helical axis of a chiral nematic liquid crystal by light,” Nature 531(7594), 352–356 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. T. Cheng, C. K. Liu, C. L. Ting, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Optical addressing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5133–5139 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Li, Y. Xiang, Y. K. Liu, J. Wang, and S. L. Yang, “Transient reorientation of a doped liquid crystal system under a short laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 26, 086108 (2009).

Phys. Lett. A (1)

Y. Xiang, T. Li, L. Jie, M. Li, and L. P. Shi, “Optical-induced Freedericksz transition of nematic liquid crystal doped with porphyrin (ZnTPP),” Phys. Lett. A 357(2), 159–162 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, “Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6 Pt 1), 061708 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lucchetti, M. Gentili, F. Simoni, S. Pavliuchenko, S. Subota, and V. Reshetnyak, “Surface-induced nonlinearities of liquid crystals driven by an electric field,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(6 Pt 1), 061706 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics, active plasmonics and metamaterials with liquid crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 77–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. M. Blinov and V. G. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 the holographic optical setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Temporal evolution of diffraction in dynamic operation, where Vdc = 20 and Λ0≈10.0μm (α≈2.6°).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temporal evolution of diffraction in storage operation, where Vdc = 40 and Λ0≈10.0μm (α≈2.6°).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The erasing operation under dc pulses with different amplitude and width, where the previously established grating is recorded by Vdc = 45 and I = 10mW/mm2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The dependences of diffraction efficiencies on Vdc and grating constant Λ0.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 photo-induced currents as a function of light intensity and dc voltage. Dark currents (black curve), photo-currents (red and blue curves) are measured when sample is illuminated uniformly by 457nm laser beam with different intensity.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 transmission spectra of doped CLC under different dc and writing beams, where Λ0≈10.0μm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Schematic diagrams: (a)initial P state; (b) grating formation: under the joint application of dc and writing beams, modulated surface charges will form, producing a periodic E s to buildup gratings; (c) grating storage: after turning off dc and writing beams, coexistence of P and FC states appears, whose distribution corresponds to the light intensity pattern.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) texture of initial P state; (b) texture after combined application of low dc (20V) and writing beams, and then cancellation them, showing no grating structure remained; (c) texture after combined application of medium dc (40V) and writing beams, and then cancellation them, showing an ordered grating is formed [200μm*200μm].

Metrics