Abstract

Yb/Er co-doped silica glass is the critical core material in the fabrication for Yb/Er co-doped optical fiber. In this paper, we demonstrate the novel laser sintering technology for making the Yb/Er co-doped silica glass rod, and analyze its physical and optical properties. The experimental results show that the fabricated silica glass is amorphous, and Yb3+/Er3+ ions uniformly distribute in the glass matrix. The material presents very good emission property around 1535 nm, and the calculation result of the gain cross section also indicates the good gain property at the emission band. Moreover, the Judd-Ofelt analysis results show that the material has very attractive spectroscopic parameters. These results can be used as good reference for the fabrication of Yb/Er co-doped optical fibers used for high-power fiber lasers in the future.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. Q. Wang and N. K. Dutta, “Er-Yb double-clad fiber amplifier,” Opt. Eng. 43(5), 1030–1034 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, “Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1221–1227 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).
  8. A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).
  9. S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  11. U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).
  16. S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Jørgensen and R. Reisfeld, “Judd-Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less Common Met. 93(1), 107–112 (1983).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, “Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1221–1227 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang and N. K. Dutta, “Er-Yb double-clad fiber amplifier,” Opt. Eng. 43(5), 1030–1034 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

1983 (1)

C. Jørgensen and R. Reisfeld, “Judd-Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less Common Met. 93(1), 107–112 (1983).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
[Crossref]

Acharya, H. N.

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, H. D.

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barua, P.

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boukentera, A.

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

Broeng, J.

Bubnov, M. M.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D. P.

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, N. L.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Dai, S. X.

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

Q. Wang and N. K. Dutta, “Er-Yb double-clad fiber amplifier,” Opt. Eng. 43(5), 1030–1034 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, S. Y.

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Folkenberg, J. R.

Gillett, A.

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goswami, M. L. N.

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

Goutalanda, F.

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

Grimm, S.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Gu, T.

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, D.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hodgson, S. D.

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hou, Z. Y.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

Hu, L. L.

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. L.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Ikushima, A. J.

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Irannejad, M.

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. H.

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jørgensen, C.

C. Jørgensen and R. Reisfeld, “Judd-Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less Common Met. 93(1), 107–112 (1983).
[Crossref]

Jose, G.

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

Just, F.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Kirchhof, J.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Kiritchenko, N. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kohler, G.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Kotov, L. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krause, V.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Langner, A.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Laptev, A. Y.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, J.

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Li, H.

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

Li, J. Y.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. L.

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, W. T.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Likhachev, M. E.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. T.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

Luthy, W.

U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mandal, D.

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

Matsinger, B. H.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
[Crossref]

Mehl, O.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Melkumov, M. A.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Monnomb, G.

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

Musha, M.

Nakagawa, K.

Ota, J.

Ouerdanea, Y.

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

Ouyang, C. M.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Pedrazza, U.

U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rehmann, G.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Reichel, V.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Reisfeld, R.

C. Jørgensen and R. Reisfeld, “Judd-Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less Common Met. 93(1), 107–112 (1983).
[Crossref]

Romano, V.

U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Saito, K.

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schotz, G.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Sekiya, E. H.

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shirakawa, A.

Shum, P. P.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Steenson, D. P.

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

Strauch, O.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Such, M.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Tang, Y.

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

Tian, H. C.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Varitimos, T. E.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang and N. K. Dutta, “Er-Yb double-clad fiber amplifier,” Opt. Eng. 43(5), 1030–1034 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. K.

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Waugh, D. G.

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
[Crossref]

Wedel, B.

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

Wen, L.

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. L.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Xia, C. M.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xia, T.

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. H.

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, C. L.

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. Y.

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. F.

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G. Y.

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q.

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q. L.

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M. H.

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bull. Mater. Sci. (1)

D. Mandal, H. D. Banerjee, M. L. N. Goswami, and H. N. Acharya, “Synthesis of Er3+ and Er3+: Yb3+ doped sol-gel derived silica glass and studies on their optical properties,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 27(4), 367–372 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb~3+-doped silica glasses using the sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 42–45 (2012).

Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications (1)

A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schotz, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, F. Just, M. Leich, J. Kirchhof, B. Wedel, G. Kohler, O. Strauch, O. Mehl, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica,” Fiber Lasers Vii: Technology, Systems, And Applications 7580, 75802X (2010).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

F. Goutalanda, Y. Ouerdanea, A. Boukentera, and G. Monnomb, “Visible emission processes in heavily doped ErYb silica optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 275–277, 276–278 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. H. Yang, L. Y. Zhang, L. Wen, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Optical transitions and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped halide modified tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(6), 3020–3026 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Less Common Met. (1)

C. Jørgensen and R. Reisfeld, “Judd-Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less Common Met. 93(1), 107–112 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

E. H. Sekiya, P. Barua, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fabrication of Yb-doped silica glass through the modification of MCVD process,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(42–44), 4737–4742 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (3)

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, M. Wang, Q. Zhou, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Wang, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, “Ytterbium-doped silica photonic crystal fiber laser fabricated by the nanoporous glass sintering technique,” Laser Phys. 24(6), 065801 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, J. L. Wu, G. Y. Zhou, C. M. Xia, J. T. Liu, H. C. Tian, W. T. Liang, and Z. Y. Hou, “Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology,” Laser Phys. 26(3), 035801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. D. Hodgson, D. G. Waugh, A. Gillett, and J. Lawrence, “High speed CO2 laser surface modification of iron/cobalt co-doped boroaluminosilicate glass and the impact on surface roughness, gloss and wettability,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(7), 076102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices (1)

M. H. Zhu, S. F. Zhang, T. Gu, and T. Xia, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tantalum-phosphate glasses,” Light-Emitting Diode Materials and Devices 5632, 198–204 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Q. Wang and N. K. Dutta, “Er-Yb double-clad fiber amplifier,” Opt. Eng. 43(5), 1030–1034 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (3)

S. K. Wang, Z. L. Li, C. L. Yu, M. Wang, S. Y. Feng, Q. L. Zhou, D. P. Chen, and L. L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+ doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Pedrazza, V. Romano, and W. Luthy, “Yb3+: Al3+: sol-gel silica glass fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. 29(7), 905–907 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, and D. P. Steenson, “A parametric study of Er3+-ions doped Phospho-tellurite glass thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 215–219 (2010).
[Crossref]

Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii (1)

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, M. L. Hu, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, N. L. Dai, and J. Y. Li, “Stable CW operation in a ring fiber laser based on Er-doped photonic crystal fiber,” Passive Components And Fiber-Based Devices Viii 8307, 83071T (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, and B. H. Matsinger, “Optical intensities of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 8(1), 47–53 (1973).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6139 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the laser sintering procedure (a) and the prepared Yb-Er co-doped silica glass (b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experiments setup for the absorption (a) and emission (b) measurements.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 X-ray detection pattern of Yb-Er co-doped silica glass.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Area scanning results of erbium (left), ytterbium (middle) and aluminum (right).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Line scanning results of erbium, ytterbium and aluminium.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured FT-IR spectrum.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured absorption spectrum.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Normalized emission spectrum.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Gain coefficient versus wavelength at different population inversion ratio corresponding to Er3+: 4I13/24I15/2.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured proportion of the prepared Yb/Er co-doped silica glass

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured and calculated line strengths and J-O intensity parameters of Er3+

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Table 3 The calculated spontaneous transition probability (AJJ’), total spontaneous transition probability (ΣAJJ’), branching ratios (β) and radiative lifetimes (τ) for the excited states 4I13/2 and 4I11/2

Equations (1)

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σ g a i n ( λ ) = N [ βσ e m i ( λ ) ( 1 β ) σ a b s ( λ ) ]

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