Abstract

The photoluminescence parameters of Nd3+-doped Sr0.95Y0.05F2.05 crystal, which are a function of Nd3+ concentrations, were investigated. Abnormally, the peak emission cross section increased linearly with the lifetime. The quantum efficiency, peak emission cross section and lifetime were significantly improved from 26%, 2.8 × 10−20cm2 and 190μs to 90%, 5.4 × 10−20cm2 and 370μs, respectively. The results suggest that Y3+ ions worked as local lattice structure regulators and barrier layers besides the well known buffer ions.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, J. Y. Wang, W. Cai, J. Liu, J. G. Zheng, W. G. Zheng, J. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd-doped Sr1-xYxF2+x crystals,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 501–503 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. A. Kaminskii, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” JETP Lett. 6(5), 115–118 (1967).
  11. A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, and V. T. Udovenchik, “Room-temperature induced emission of neodymium-doped SrF2-LaF3 crystals,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 6(1), 23–25 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  14. Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  16. X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).
  19. Y. Z. Zhou, “Growth of high quality large Nd:YAG crystals by temperature gradient technique (TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 78(1), 31–35 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  22. H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  23. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  24. X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  25. R. Iffländer, Solid-state Lasers for Materials Processing (Springer-Verlag, 2001), pp. 311–318.
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    [Crossref]
  27. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  28. Y. Guo, S. B. Lu, L. B. Su, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Z-scan measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of Nd3+,Y3+-codoped CaF2 and SrF2 crystals,” Appl. Opt. 54(4), 953–958 (2015).

2017 (1)

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, J. Y. Wang, W. Cai, J. Liu, J. G. Zheng, W. G. Zheng, J. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd-doped Sr1-xYxF2+x crystals,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 501–503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Y. Z. Zhou, “Growth of high quality large Nd:YAG crystals by temperature gradient technique (TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 78(1), 31–35 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
[Crossref]

1967 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” JETP Lett. 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, and V. T. Udovenchik, “Room-temperature induced emission of neodymium-doped SrF2-LaF3 crystals,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 6(1), 23–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Agamalyan, N. R.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bagdasarov, K. S.

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bendall, P. J.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

Brasse, G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Braud, A.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

Camy, P.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y. X.

Catlow, C. R. A.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. C.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. S.

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Corish, J.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
[Crossref]

Denisenko, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Di Bartolo, B.

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, X. W.

Fan, Z. W.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, P. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Ge, W. Y.

Gross, H.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Guo, M.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Han, H. N.

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Heber, J.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, P. W. M.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y. L.

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D. P.

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” JETP Lett. 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

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[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
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K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
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Krotova, L. V.

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
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Leng, Y. X.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, H. J.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
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Liu, H.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

Liu, J.

Liu, J. J.

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. X.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. L.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

Lomonov, V. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
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Lu, S. B.

Lupei, V.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
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Ma, F. K.

Ma, J.

Meng, X. L.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
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Moncorgé, R.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
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J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
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Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
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Osiko, V. V.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, and V. T. Udovenchik, “Room-temperature induced emission of neodymium-doped SrF2-LaF3 crystals,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 6(1), 23–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Pang, S. Y.

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pavel, N.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y. J.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Prochoro, A. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Qian, L. J.

Qian, X. B.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z. P.

Qiu, J. S.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
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Sato, Y.

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Su, H. P.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, J. Y. Wang, W. Cai, J. Liu, J. G. Zheng, W. G. Zheng, J. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd-doped Sr1-xYxF2+x crystals,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 501–503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, S. B. Lu, L. B. Su, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Z-scan measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of Nd3+,Y3+-codoped CaF2 and SrF2 crystals,” Appl. Opt. 54(4), 953–958 (2015).

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tang, F.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, X. X.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, W. L.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Udovenchik, V. T.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, and V. T. Udovenchik, “Room-temperature induced emission of neodymium-doped SrF2-LaF3 crystals,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 6(1), 23–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Y. K.

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Yu. K.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Walsh, B. M.

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. C.

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q. G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. H.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z. Y.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Xia, H. R.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, J. Y. Wang, W. Cai, J. Liu, J. G. Zheng, W. G. Zheng, J. Xu, and Y. Liu, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd-doped Sr1-xYxF2+x crystals,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 501–503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, P.

Zhan, Y. Y.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked operation on a novel Nd3+,Gd3+: SrF2 crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1513–1519 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Z. X.

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zheng, J. G.

Zheng, L. H.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W. G.

Zhmurova, Z. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Zhou, “Growth of high quality large Nd:YAG crystals by temperature gradient technique (TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 78(1), 31–35 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. F.

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, H. C. Wang, Y. L. Liu, H. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Experimental study of diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 amplifier for ICF laser drivers,” Acta Phys. Sin. 65(20), 204206 (2016).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

L. Wei, H. N. Han, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Zhu, Y. L. Jia, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Efficient femtosecond mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(9), 092704 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd: YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. R. Xia, X. L. Meng, M. Guo, L. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Spectral parameters of Nd-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(9), 5134–5137 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, and V. T. Udovenchik, “Room-temperature induced emission of neodymium-doped SrF2-LaF3 crystals,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 6(1), 23–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

Y. Z. Zhou, “Growth of high quality large Nd:YAG crystals by temperature gradient technique (TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 78(1), 31–35 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity atoms,” J. Solid State Chem. 51(2), 159–169 (1984).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” JETP Lett. 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd,Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. J. Liu, J. Liu, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, S. Y. Pang, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient continuous-wave and 739 fs mode-locked laser on a novel Nd3+, La3+ co-doped SrF2 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(9), 095802 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. Wei, W. L. Tian, J. X. Liu, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Generation of sub-100fs pulses from mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser with enhancing SPM,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(5), 055804 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. C. Chen, Y. J. Peng, Z. X. Zhang, H. P. Su, Y. X. Leng, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, X. B. Qian, F. Tang, and L. B. Su, “Demonstration of a diode pumped Nd,Y co-doped SrF2 crystal based, high energy chirped pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Commun. 382, 201–204 (2017).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

X. X. Tang, J. S. Qiu, Z. W. Fan, L. B. Su, and H. C. Wang, “Diode-pumped medium-aperture-size square Nd, Y:CaF2 rod amplifier for Inertial Confinement Fusion laser drivers,” Opt. Mater. 58, 445–448 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prochoro, and Yu. K. Voronko, “Spectral investigation of the stimulated radiation of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Corish, C. R. A. Catlow, P. W. M. Jacobs, and S. H. Ong, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites. Dopant monomers and dimers,” Phys. Rev. B 25(10), 6425–6438 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (a) (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2: Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated emission 4F3/2→ 4I11/2, 13/2 channels of Nd3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-ScF3 system,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (b) (2)

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of the optical properties of CaF2-TR3+ crystals by yttrium impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

X. S. Chen, B. Di Bartolo, N. P. Barnes, and B. M. Walsh, “Thermal tuning and broadening of the spectral lines of trivalent neodymium in laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi (b) 241(8), 1957–1976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. Iffländer, Solid-state Lasers for Materials Processing (Springer-Verlag, 2001), pp. 311–318.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectra of the sample. The real Nd3+ concentration was taken into account for reasoning of the absorption cross section.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Emission spectra of the crystal, the insert represents the transition of 4F3/24I11/2. The sample was measured under the same conditions and the intensity could therefore be compared with each other. (b) The Y/Nd ratios dependent effective linewidth of the 1056nm band. (c) Schematic diagram of the modulation effect of Y3+ on local surroundings of Nd3+.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Logarithmic decays of the sample recorded at 1056nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The Y/Nd ratios dependent (a) fluorescence and radiative lifetime of 4F3/2 level and (b) the absolute quantum yields.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The level diagram of Nd3+ ions and three near-infrared emission bands from upper level to the lowers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The lifetime dependent peak emission cross section of 4F3/24I11/2. (b) The Y/Nd ratios dependence of the products of peak emission cross section and fluorescence lifetime of 4F3/2 level.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Doping and real concentrations of Nd3+ and Y3+ in the crystals.

Equations (5)

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Δ λ em = I ( λ ) d λ I peak
τ A = t= 0 I ( t ) t d t t= 0 I ( t ) d t
η = τ em / τ rad
σ em = λ peak 4 8 π c n 2 β 2 η τ em Δ λ em
β 2 = i = 2 λ I ( λ ) d λ i = 1 , 2 , 3 λ I ( λ ) d λ

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