Abstract

In the present work, we have investigated the role of helicity dependent heating (magnetic circular dichroism) and the effective field arising from the inverse Faraday effect in single femto-second laser pulse induced all-optical magnetic switching. We simulate the ultrafast dynamics of ferrimagnetic TbFe film based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch (LLB) equation of motion, and especially, we use the heat pulse combined with the magnetic field pulse to simulate the effect of circularly polarized laser pulses. The results show that the mechanism of single-pulse helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching should be the combined results of heat and field effects. Furthermore, the duration of the field pulse should be longer than that of the heat pulse to enable to achieve the switching. To explain it, we separate the same duration of heat pulse and field pulse for different time intervals to distinguish the role played by laser heating and field action in the switching. The results demonstrate that no switching can be obtained, even at high pump fluence when there is no delay or a short delay of the field pulse to the heat pulse, because the field does not have a sufficiently strong effective action on the magnetization just after the excitation of heat pulse, and the sample is still in the ultrafast demagnetization process.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

C. Jun-Yang, H. Li, W. Jian-Ping, and L. Mo, “All-optical switching of magnetic tunnel junctions with single subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7, 021001 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Du, C. Chen, F. Cheng, Y. Liu, and L. Pan, “Prediction of deterministic all-optical switching of ferromagnetic thin film by ultrafast optothermal and optomagnetic couplings,” Sci. Reports 7, 13513 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Gorchon, Y. Yang, and J. Bokor, “Model for multishot all-thermal all-optical switching in ferromagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 020409 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Nieves and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Modeling of ultrafast heat- and field-assisted magnetization dynamics in FePt,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5, 014006 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Liu, T. Wang, and et al., “Nanoscale confinement of all-optical magnetic switching in tbfeco - competition with nanoscale heterogeneity,” Nano Lett. 15, 6862–6868 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, D. Hinzke, and U. Nowak, “Temperature-dependent ferromagnetic resonance via the landau-lifshitz-bloch equation:application to FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 094402 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

R. F. L. Evans, D. Hinzke, U. Atxitia, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Stochastic form of the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 014433 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, D. Steil, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Interplay of heating and helicity in all-optical magnetization switching,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 092401 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

D. Steil, S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “All-optical magnetization recording by tailoring optical excitation parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 224408 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast optical manipulation of magnetic order,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2731–2784 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. Hohlfeld, C. D. Stanciu, and A. Rebei, “Athermal all-optical femtosecond magnetization reversal in GdFeCo,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 152504 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

A. Rebei and J. Hohlfeld, “The magneto-optical Barnett effect: Circularly polarized light induced femtosecond magnetization reversal,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 1915– 1918 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Chen, D. Tzou, and J. Beraun, “A semiclassical two-temperature model for ultrafast laser heating,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf 49, 307–316 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

1997 (1)

D. A. Garanin, “Fokker-Planck and Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equations for classical ferromagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 3050–3057 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. Kötzler, D. A. Garanin, M. Hartl, and L. Jahn, “Evidence for critical fluctuations in Bloch walls near their disordering temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 177–180 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aeschlimann, M.

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, D. Steil, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Interplay of heating and helicity in all-optical magnetization switching,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 092401 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Steil, S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “All-optical magnetization recording by tailoring optical excitation parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 224408 (2011).
[Crossref]

Afanasiev, D.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, M.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alebrand, S.

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, D. Steil, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Interplay of heating and helicity in all-optical magnetization switching,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 092401 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Steil, S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “All-optical magnetization recording by tailoring optical excitation parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 224408 (2011).
[Crossref]

Atxitia, U.

R. F. L. Evans, D. Hinzke, U. Atxitia, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Stochastic form of the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 014433 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

Beraun, J.

J. Chen, D. Tzou, and J. Beraun, “A semiclassical two-temperature model for ultrafast laser heating,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf 49, 307–316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bokor, J.

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Gorchon, Y. Yang, and J. Bokor, “Model for multishot all-thermal all-optical switching in ferromagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 020409 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bratschitsch, R.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chantrell, R.

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
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R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
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R. F. L. Evans, D. Hinzke, U. Atxitia, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Stochastic form of the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 014433 (2012).
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N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
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N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
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R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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Z. Du, C. Chen, F. Cheng, Y. Liu, and L. Pan, “Prediction of deterministic all-optical switching of ferromagnetic thin film by ultrafast optothermal and optomagnetic couplings,” Sci. Reports 7, 13513 (2017).
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M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
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T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, D. Hinzke, and U. Nowak, “Temperature-dependent ferromagnetic resonance via the landau-lifshitz-bloch equation:application to FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 094402 (2014).
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R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. F. L. Evans, D. Hinzke, U. Atxitia, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Stochastic form of the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 014433 (2012).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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R. F. L. Evans, W. J. Fan, P. Chureemart, T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, and R. W. Chantrell, “Atomistic spin model simulations of magnetic nanomaterials,” J. Phys. Condens. mMtter 26, 103202 (2014).
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A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

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Fullerton, E. E.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
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Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
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J. Kötzler, D. A. Garanin, M. Hartl, and L. Jahn, “Evidence for critical fluctuations in Bloch walls near their disordering temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 177–180 (1993).
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A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
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A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
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S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, D. Steil, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Interplay of heating and helicity in all-optical magnetization switching,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 092401 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Steil, S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “All-optical magnetization recording by tailoring optical excitation parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 224408 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hebler, B.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hehn, M.

M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Helm, M.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
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Hilton, D. J.

Hinzke, D.

T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, D. Hinzke, and U. Nowak, “Temperature-dependent ferromagnetic resonance via the landau-lifshitz-bloch equation:application to FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 094402 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. F. L. Evans, D. Hinzke, U. Atxitia, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Stochastic form of the Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 014433 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
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Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ishioka, K.

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
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A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jahn, L.

J. Kötzler, D. A. Garanin, M. Hartl, and L. Jahn, “Evidence for critical fluctuations in Bloch walls near their disordering temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 177–180 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. Jun-Yang, H. Li, W. Jian-Ping, and L. Mo, “All-optical switching of magnetic tunnel junctions with single subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7, 021001 (2017).
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C. Jun-Yang, H. Li, W. Jian-Ping, and L. Mo, “All-optical switching of magnetic tunnel junctions with single subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7, 021001 (2017).
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Kalashnikova, A. M.

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
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K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasai, S.

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kazantseva, N.

N. Kazantseva, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. W. Chantrell, U. Atxitia, and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, “Towards multiscale modeling of magnetic materials: Simulations of FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 184428 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khorsand, A. R.

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D. K.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kimel, A. V.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast optical manipulation of magnetic order,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2731–2784 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirilyuk, A.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast optical manipulation of magnetic order,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2731–2784 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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T. Liu, T. Wang, and et al., “Nanoscale confinement of all-optical magnetic switching in tbfeco - competition with nanoscale heterogeneity,” Nano Lett. 15, 6862–6868 (2015).
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Z. Du, C. Chen, F. Cheng, Y. Liu, and L. Pan, “Prediction of deterministic all-optical switching of ferromagnetic thin film by ultrafast optothermal and optomagnetic couplings,” Sci. Reports 7, 13513 (2017).
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M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
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R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
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C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
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Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
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J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
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Meserole, C. A.

Mo, L.

C. Jun-Yang, H. Li, W. Jian-Ping, and L. Mo, “All-optical switching of magnetic tunnel junctions with single subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7, 021001 (2017).
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Montaigne, F.

M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
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Munzenberg, M.

J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
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J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
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T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, D. Hinzke, and U. Nowak, “Temperature-dependent ferromagnetic resonance via the landau-lifshitz-bloch equation:application to FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 094402 (2014).
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K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
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K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
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T. A. Ostler, M. O. A. Ellis, D. Hinzke, and U. Nowak, “Temperature-dependent ferromagnetic resonance via the landau-lifshitz-bloch equation:application to FePt,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 094402 (2014).
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Pan, L.

Z. Du, C. Chen, F. Cheng, Y. Liu, and L. Pan, “Prediction of deterministic all-optical switching of ferromagnetic thin film by ultrafast optothermal and optomagnetic couplings,” Sci. Reports 7, 13513 (2017).
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Pang, L.

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pattabi, A.

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pavlov, V. V.

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
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M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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Pirro, P.

M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
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Pisana, S.

J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
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L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
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R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. S. El Hadri, P. Pirro, C.-H. Lambert, S. Petit-Watelot, Y. Quessab, M. Hehn, F. Montaigne, G. Malinowski, and S. Mangin, “Two types of all-optical magnetization switching mechanisms using femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 064412 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rasing, T.

R. Medapalli, D. Afanasiev, D. K. Kim, Y. Quessab, S. Manna, S. A. Montoya, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, A. V. Kimel, and E. E. Fullerton, “Multiscale dynamics of helicity-dependent all-optical magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 224421 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
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A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast optical manipulation of magnetic order,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2731–2784 (2010).
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K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
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Rebei, A.

J. Hohlfeld, C. D. Stanciu, and A. Rebei, “Athermal all-optical femtosecond magnetization reversal in GdFeCo,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 152504 (2009).
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A. Rebei and J. Hohlfeld, “The magneto-optical Barnett effect: Circularly polarized light induced femtosecond magnetization reversal,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 1915– 1918 (2008).
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Salahuddin, S.

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Santos, T.

J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
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Savoini, M.

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
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Schmidt, J.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
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C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
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Schubert, C.

A. Hassdenteufel, J. Schmidt, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, M. Helm, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Low-remanence criterion for helicity-dependent all-optical magnetic switching in ferrimagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 104431 (2015).
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A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

C. Schubert, A. Hassdenteufel, P. Matthes, J. Schmidt, M. Helm, R. Bratschitsch, and M. Albrecht, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in an artificial zero moment magnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082406 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
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Schultheiss, H.

A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a mhz laser oscillator,” Opt.Express 22, 10017–10025 (2014).

Shamray, P. Y.

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shelukhin, L. A.

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stanciu, C. D.

J. Hohlfeld, C. D. Stanciu, and A. Rebei, “Athermal all-optical femtosecond magnetization reversal in GdFeCo,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 152504 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steil, D.

S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, D. Steil, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Interplay of heating and helicity in all-optical magnetization switching,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 092401 (2012).
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D. Steil, S. Alebrand, A. Hassdenteufel, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “All-optical magnetization recording by tailoring optical excitation parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 224408 (2011).
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Takahashi, Y. K.

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

Teich, M.

A. Hassdenteufel, B. Hebler, C. Schubert, A. Liebig, M. Teich, M. Helm, M. Aeschlimann, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch, “Thermally assisted all-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in amorphous FeTb alloy films,” Adv. Mater. 25, 3122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, J. D.

Tsukamoto, A.

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Element-specific probing of ultrafast spin dynamics in multisublattice magnets with visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 107205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Khorsand, M. Savoini, A. Kirilyuk, A. V. Kimel, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “Role of magnetic circular dichroism in all-optical magnetic recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127205 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Stanciu, F. Hansteen, A. V. Kimel, A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetic recording with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).
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J. Chen, D. Tzou, and J. Beraun, “A semiclassical two-temperature model for ultrafast laser heating,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf 49, 307–316 (2006).
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S. Mangin, M. Gottwald, C.-H. Lambert, D. Steil, V. Uhlir, L. Pang, M. Hehn, S. Alebrand, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, and E. E. Fullerton, “Engineered materials for all-optical helicity-dependent magnetic switching,” Nat. Mater. 13, 286–292 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Usachev, P. A.

L. A. Shelukhin, V. V. Pavlov, P. A. Usachev, P. Y. Shamray, R. V. Pisarev, and A. M. Kalashnikova, “Ultrafast laser-induced changes of the magnetic anisotropy in a low-symmetry iron garnet film,” Phys. Rev. B 97, 014422 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vahaplar, K.

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, S. Gerlach, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “All-optical magnetization reversal by circularly polarized laser pulses: Experiment and multiscale modeling,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 104402 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Vahaplar, A. M. Kalashnikova, A. V. Kimel, D. Hinzke, U. Nowak, R. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, and T. Rasing, “Ultrafast path for optical magnetization reversal via a strongly nonequilibrium state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 117201 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walowski, J.

J. Mendil, P. Nieves, O. Chubykalo-Fesenko, J. Walowski, T. Santos, S. Pisana, and M. Munzenberg, “Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics,” Sci. Reports 4, 3980 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

T. Liu, T. Wang, and et al., “Nanoscale confinement of all-optical magnetic switching in tbfeco - competition with nanoscale heterogeneity,” Nano Lett. 15, 6862–6868 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wee, S. H.

Y. K. Takahashi, R. Medapalli, S. Kasai, J. Wang, K. Ishioka, S. H. Wee, O. Hellwig, K. Hono, and E. E. Fullerton, “Accumulative magnetic switching of ultrahigh-density recording media by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 054004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wilson, R. B.

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. Gorchon, C.-H. Lambert, Y. Yang, A. Pattabi, R. B. Wilson, S. Salahuddin, and J. Bokor, “Single shot ultrafast all optical magnetization switching of ferromagnetic co/pt multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 042401 (2017).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simulation of ultrafast magnetization dynamics with the different initial magnetization state and the opposite helicity circularly polarized light. The laser fluence of heat pulse is 1.8GJ/cm3ns and the amplitude of field pulse is 18T. The duration of the heat pulse is 150fs and the duration of the field pulse is 375fs, whose duration is 2.5 times of heat pulse. The solid lines represent the results of using LCP and the dash lines represent that of using RCP.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulation of ultrafast magnetization dynamics induced by LCP at +M initial magnetization, while separate the heat effect by only using the heat pulse (shown as the black, red and green lines represent the different pump fluence) and the field effect by only using the field pulse (shown as the blue lines), respectively. The duration of the heat pulse is chosen as 150fs, which has the same duration with that one used in Fig. 1. The amplitude of field pulse is chosen as 18T, which has the same amplitude with that one used in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation of ultrafast magnetization dynamics under the condition of separating the heat pulse and the field pulse for different time interval. The delay time of field pulse to the heat pulse is chosen as 100fs in Fig. 3(a), (b), (c), (d), respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of ultrafast magnetization dynamics with the same laser fluence (1.8 GJ/cm3 ns) while at the different delay time of field pulse to the heat pulse.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical parameters entering into the LLB model.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The dependence of the ratio of the duration pulse to the field pulse on the minimum threshold fluence for switching in the single-pulse HD-AOS.

Equations (13)

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m i = γ ( m i × H i eff ) + ζ i , + γ α m i 2 ( m i H i eff ) m i γ α m i 2 [ m i × [ m i × ( H i eff + ζ i , ) ] ] ,
ζ i , η ( 0 ) ζ j , θ ( t ) = 2 k B T ( α α ) | γ | M s V α 2 δ i j δ η θ δ ( t ) ,
ζ i , η ( 0 ) ζ j , θ ( t ) = 2 | γ | k B T α M s V δ i j δ η θ δ ( t ) ,
α = { λ ( 1 T 3 Tc ) T < Tc λ 2 T 3 Tc T Tc
α = λ 2 T 3 Tc for all T .
H i eff = B + H A , i + 1 2 χ ˜ i , ( 1 m i 2 m i , e 2 ) m i + H e , i + H demag , i
H e , i = A ( T ) m e 2 2 M s ( 0 ) Δ 2 j neigh ( i ) ( m j m i )
H demag , i = M s ( 0 ) j N ( r i r j ) m j
N ( r i r j ) = 1 4 π S i S j d S i d S j | r r |
C e T e t = G ( T e T l ) + P ( r , t )
C l T l t = G ( T e T l )
P ( r , t ) = exp ( ( t t 0 τ p ) 2 ) × exp ( ( x x 0 ) 2 2 σ x 2 ) exp ( ( y y 0 ) 2 2 σ y 2 )
H IFE α E ( ω ) × E * ( ω ) p α I 0 Z .

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