Abstract

We demonstrate multi-watt passively Q-switched operation induced by a few-layer Bi2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber, in an Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser under high output couplings. An average output power of 3.85 W at pulse repletion rate of 400 kHz is produced at an incident pump power of 16.7 W with a slope efficiency of 28%; the resulting pulse energy, duration, and peak power are respectively 9.63 μJ, 96 ns, and 100.3 W. Our work shows the great potential of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 and other Yb-doped rare-earth calcium oxyborates crystals in the development of high-power, high-repetition-rate, short-duration, passively Q-switched solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region with 2D topological insulators acting as saturable absorbers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Black, E. M. Conwell, L. Seigle, and C. W. Spencer, “Electrical and optical properties of some M2V-BN3VI-B semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2(3), 240–251 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (6)

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. H. Song, W. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6(4), 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Gao, H. Huang, X. Wang, H. Liu, J. Huang, W. Weng, S. Dai, J. Li, and W. Lin, “Passively Q-switched solid-state Tm:YAG laser using topological insulator Bi2Te3 as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(9), 2020–2024 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, J. Boguslawski, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybala, K. Mars, A. Mikula, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(7), 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, K. Tian, Y. Li, X. Dou, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Few-layer Bi2Te3: an effective 2D saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21379–21389 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

2016 (2)

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

2014 (2)

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. E. Moore, “The birth of topological insulators,” Nature 464(7286), 194–198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
[Crossref]

1957 (1)

J. Black, E. M. Conwell, L. Seigle, and C. W. Spencer, “Electrical and optical properties of some M2V-BN3VI-B semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2(3), 240–251 (1957).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

Bansil, A.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bian, J.

Black, J.

J. Black, E. M. Conwell, L. Seigle, and C. W. Spencer, “Electrical and optical properties of some M2V-BN3VI-B semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2(3), 240–251 (1957).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

Cai, Z.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, L. F.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cava, R. J.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chou, C. M.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chou, M. M. C.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Conwell, E. M.

J. Black, E. M. Conwell, L. Seigle, and C. W. Spencer, “Electrical and optical properties of some M2V-BN3VI-B semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2(3), 240–251 (1957).
[Crossref]

Dai, Q.

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

Dai, S.

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Dou, X.

Dou, Z.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z. Y.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

Gao, S. F.

Grauer, D.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greanya, V. A.

P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Han, W.

J. Yang, K. Tian, Y. Li, X. Dou, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Few-layer Bi2Te3: an effective 2D saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21379–21389 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

Hasan, M. Z.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, J.

He, L. X.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hor, Y. S.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, D.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. T.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Huang, J.

Jia, M.

Kaszyca, K.

Kifle, E.

Kowalczyk, M.

Larson, P.

P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. K.

Lee, P.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, G.

Li, J.

Li, J. H.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
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Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
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Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

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H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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Liu, J.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, K. Tian, Y. Li, X. Dou, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Few-layer Bi2Te3: an effective 2D saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21379–21389 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
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J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
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P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
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Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
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Qi, X. L.

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Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
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Song, Y.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
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J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
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X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

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M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

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J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
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Tonjes, W. C.

P. Larson, V. A. Greanya, W. C. Tonjes, R. Liu, S. D. Mahanti, and C. G. Olson, “Electronic structure of Bi2X3 (X=S, Se, T) compounds: comparison of theoretical calculations with photoemission studies,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 65(8), 085108 (2002).
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Tu, C. Y.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
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B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

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D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

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B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
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Wen, S.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
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H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
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Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Wray, L.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

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J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. H. Song, W. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6(4), 314–320 (2018).
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[Crossref]

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Xia, Y.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, K. Tian, Y. Li, X. Dou, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Few-layer Bi2Te3: an effective 2D saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21379–21389 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. L.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), A97–A101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, R. Q.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, K.

Yi, H.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

You, Z.

You, Z. Y.

Yu, H.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z. H.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2 μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5(5), 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. M.

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[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S.

Zheng, L.

Zhong, D.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

Zhong, D. G.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
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X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Yi, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, H. Yu, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 laser based on a coupled cavity with few-layer WSe2 acting as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(9), 095804 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

Zhu, Z. J.

Zybala, R.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Phys. B (1)

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

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B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
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[Crossref]

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J. Liu, X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3/GaAs laser generating 1 mJ of pulse energy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1104–1106 (2016).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Average output power as a function of Pin, generated from the Yb:YCOB/Bi2Te3 laser under output couplings of T = 60%, 70%, and 80%.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Pulse repetition rate (a) and pulse energy (b) versus Pin, measured (calculated) for the Yb:YCOB/Bi2Te3 passively Q-switched laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pulse duration (a) and peak power (b) versus Pin, measured (calculated) for the Yb:YCOB/Bi2Te3 passively Q-switched laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Pulse train recorded at Pin = 16.7 W under output coupling of T = 70%. Inset: the temporal profile of an individual laser pulse.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Lasing spectrum measured at Pin = 9.51 W under different output couplings of T = 60%, 70%, and 80%.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Passive Q-switching Performance between the Current Yb:YCOB/Bi2Te3 Laser and the Previous Yb:LuPO4/Bi2Te3, Yb:YCOB/GaAs, Yb:YCOB/Cr4+:YAG Lasers [18, 20, 21]

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