Abstract

Group IVB (Hf) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted significant interest in photoelectronics due to their predictable superior physical characteristics. In this work, the liquid phase exfoliation method is used to prepare the hafnium diselenide (HfSe2)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) saturable absorber (SA) device. The modulation depth (ΔT) is measured to be 6.65%. By using HfSe2/PVA as a Q-switcher, application in the fiber laser with the Q-switching state is demonstrated experimentally. The maximum single pulse energy is 167 nJ is and the slope efficiency is 7.7%. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of the use of HfSe2 as SA for large energy pulse generation. The experimental results prove that, because of its excellent nonlinear optical absorption properties, HfSe2 could promote the development of Hf-based TMDs in the field of ultrafast photonics.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (18)

I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lei, H. Wu, C. Dai, and Z. Wei, “Synthesis of high quality silver nanowires and their applications in ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Express 27(12), 16440–16448 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, C. K. Lim, Z. Dai, G. Yu, J. W. Haus, H. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photonics and optoelectronics using nano-structured hybrid perovskite media and their optical cavities,” Phys. Rep. 795, 1–51 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, B. Liu, R. Quhe, M. Lei, S. Fang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Nonlinear optical properties of MoS2-WS2 heterostructure in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 27(5), 6689–6699 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, X. Shi, C. Wu, D. Tang, and H. Zhang, “Recent progress of study on optical solitons in fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 6(2), 021313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. X. Guo, J. Pan, Y. J. Liu, H. P. Si, Z. Y. Lu, X. L. Han, J. J. Gao, Z. T. Zuo, H. N. Zhang, and S. Z. Jiang, “Output energy enhancement in a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using CVD-Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 27(17), 24670–24681 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Revealing the behavior of soliton buildup in a mode-locked laser,” Adv. Photon. 1(1), 016003 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (14)

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, S. H. Wang, Z. X. Wu, Z. X. Wang, D. H. Wang, H. Huang, F. Zhang, Y. Q. Ge, and H. Zhang, “Sub-200 fs soliton mode-locked fiber laser based on bismuthene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(18), 22750 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, R. Tang, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Graphene-decorated microfiber knot as a broadband resonator for ultrahigh-repetition-rate pulse fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 6(10), C1–C7 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Li, Z. Luo, and Y. Zhao, “Recent advancements in 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy,” Sci. China: Chem. 61(10), 1214–1226 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (11)

X. Liu, Q. Guo, and J. Qiu, “Emerging Low-Dimensional Materials for Nonlinear Optics and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1605886 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Pumera and Z. Sofer, “2D monoelemental arsenene, antimonene, and bismuthene: beyond black phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605299 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-supported manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons in metallic nanowaveguides,” Photonics Res. 5(3), 162 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Miao, J. Li, W. Hu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in the mid-infrared regime,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3894 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40080 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. J. Mleczko, C. Zhang, H. R. Lee, H. Kuo, B. M. Kope, R. G. Moore, Z. Shen, I. R. Fisher, Y. Nishi, and E. Pop, “HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides,” Sci. Adv. 3(8), e1700481 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS 2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological insulator-assisted dual-wavelength fiber laser delivering versatile pulse patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

F. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Abdelwahab, I.

I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

Abidi, I. H.

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Addou, R.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Azcatl, A.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Barton, A.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Cao, R.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, T.

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, P. K.

G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, R.

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chi, X.

I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chu, P. K.

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Colombo, L.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, X.

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Revealing the behavior of soliton buildup in a mode-locked laser,” Adv. Photon. 1(1), 016003 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40080 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dai, C.

Dai, Z.

Y. Zhang, C. K. Lim, Z. Dai, G. Yu, J. W. Haus, H. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photonics and optoelectronics using nano-structured hybrid perovskite media and their optical cavities,” Phys. Rep. 795, 1–51 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dan, J.

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, H.

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dhanabalan, S. C.

C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dichtl, P.

I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dong, B.

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

Du, L.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dubey, M.

F. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duhm, S.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

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Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
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Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
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J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
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J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
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R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
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B. Guo, S. H. Wang, Z. X. Wu, Z. X. Wang, D. H. Wang, H. Huang, F. Zhang, Y. Q. Ge, and H. Zhang, “Sub-200 fs soliton mode-locked fiber laser based on bismuthene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(18), 22750 (2018).
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Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
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Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

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L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
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Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
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Jiang, X.

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. F.

Jiang, Z.

Jing, G.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
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Kang, M.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
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Khan, M. A.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, G. H.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

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M. J. Mleczko, C. Zhang, H. R. Lee, H. Kuo, B. M. Kope, R. G. Moore, Z. Shen, I. R. Fisher, Y. Nishi, and E. Pop, “HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides,” Sci. Adv. 3(8), e1700481 (2017).
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M. J. Mleczko, C. Zhang, H. R. Lee, H. Kuo, B. M. Kope, R. G. Moore, Z. Shen, I. R. Fisher, Y. Nishi, and E. Pop, “HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides,” Sci. Adv. 3(8), e1700481 (2017).
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J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

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M. J. Mleczko, C. Zhang, H. R. Lee, H. Kuo, B. M. Kope, R. G. Moore, Z. Shen, I. R. Fisher, Y. Nishi, and E. Pop, “HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides,” Sci. Adv. 3(8), e1700481 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, I.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

Leng, K.

I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
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G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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J. Yi, L. Miao, J. Li, W. Hu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in the mid-infrared regime,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3894 (2017).
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Li, L.

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
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P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
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Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
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Li, M.

M. Li, Z. Luo, and Y. Zhao, “Recent advancements in 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy,” Sci. China: Chem. 61(10), 1214–1226 (2018).
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Li, P.

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
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J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
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P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
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G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
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Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
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X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
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X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
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Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
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C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
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Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
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C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
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Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
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Lin, G.

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
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W. Liu, M. Liu, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lei, H. Wu, C. Dai, and Z. Wei, “Synthesis of high quality silver nanowires and their applications in ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Express 27(12), 16440–16448 (2019).
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J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
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T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
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Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Liu, B.

Liu, C.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Liu, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
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W. Liu, M. Liu, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lei, H. Wu, C. Dai, and Z. Wei, “Synthesis of high quality silver nanowires and their applications in ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Express 27(12), 16440–16448 (2019).
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Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
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L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
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L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
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X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
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Liu, X.

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G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
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Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40080 (2017).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
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G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
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Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40080 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
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H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-supported manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons in metallic nanowaveguides,” Photonics Res. 5(3), 162 (2017).
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Lu, L.

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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Lu, S.

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
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Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
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X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
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Lu, Z. Y.

Luo, A. P.

M. Liu, R. Tang, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Graphene-decorated microfiber knot as a broadband resonator for ultrahigh-repetition-rate pulse fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 6(10), C1–C7 (2018).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

T. Chen, C. Cheng, Y. Lin, C. Tsai, Y. Chi, Z. Luo, and G. Lin, “Optimizing the Self-Amplitude Modulation of Different 2-D Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(4), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Li, Z. Luo, and Y. Zhao, “Recent advancements in 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy,” Sci. China: Chem. 61(10), 1214–1226 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Luo, Z. C.

M. Liu, R. Tang, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Graphene-decorated microfiber knot as a broadband resonator for ultrahigh-repetition-rate pulse fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 6(10), C1–C7 (2018).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
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Lv, R.

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
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Lyu, Q.

Ma, H.

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
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I. Abdelwahab, P. Dichtl, G. Grinblat, K. Leng, X. Chi, I. H. Park, M. P. Nielsen, R. F. Oulton, K. P. Loh, and S. A. Maier, “Giant and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Single-Crystalline 2D Perovskites due to Excitonic and Plasma Effects,” Adv. Mater. 31(29), 1902685 (2019).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-supported manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons in metallic nanowaveguides,” Photonics Res. 5(3), 162 (2017).
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Martinez, A.

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G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
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S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
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Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
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R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
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Wang, K.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
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Wang, L.

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wang, R.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological insulator-assisted dual-wavelength fiber laser delivering versatile pulse patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. H.

Wang, X.

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, S. Liu, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Ren, and W. Liu, “Ferroferric-oxide nanoparticle based Q-switcher for a 1 µm region,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 731–738 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, R. Lv, J. Wang, Z. Chen, H. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ren, W. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Optical Nonlinearity of ZrS2 and Applications in Fiber Laser,” Nanomaterials 9(3), 315 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. X.

Wei, Z.

W. Liu, M. Liu, B. Liu, R. Quhe, M. Lei, S. Fang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Nonlinear optical properties of MoS2-WS2 heterostructure in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 27(5), 6689–6699 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, X. Wang, T. Shen, G. Chang, M. Lei, H. Deng, Z. Wei, and Z. Wei, “Thickness-Dependent Ultrafast Photonics of SnS2 Nanolayers for Optimizing Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(5), 2697–2705 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lei, H. Wu, C. Dai, and Z. Wei, “Synthesis of high quality silver nanowires and their applications in ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Express 27(12), 16440–16448 (2019).
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Wen, Q.

G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
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X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Miao, J. Li, W. Hu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in the mid-infrared regime,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3894 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y.

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Wu, C.

Y. Song, X. Shi, C. Wu, D. Tang, and H. Zhang, “Recent progress of study on optical solitons in fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 6(2), 021313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Wu, H.

Wu, J.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Wu, L.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z. X.

Xia, F.

F. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y.

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, D.

F. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological insulator-assisted dual-wavelength fiber laser delivering versatile pulse patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Q.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, H.

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xie, Z.

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xing, C.

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).

Xu, K.

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

M. Liu, R. Tang, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Graphene-decorated microfiber knot as a broadband resonator for ultrahigh-repetition-rate pulse fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 6(10), C1–C7 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological insulator-assisted dual-wavelength fiber laser delivering versatile pulse patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS 2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, J.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Miao, J. Li, W. Hu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in the mid-infrared regime,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3894 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, K. Xu, Y. Wen, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, F. Wang, T. A. Shifa, R. Cheng, H. Ma, and J. He, “Ultrafast and ultrasensitive phototransistors based on few-layered HfSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 213105 (2016).
[Crossref]

You, K.

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Youn, D. H.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, G.

Y. Zhang, C. K. Lim, Z. Dai, G. Yu, J. W. Haus, H. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photonics and optoelectronics using nano-structured hybrid perovskite media and their optical cavities,” Phys. Rep. 795, 1–51 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, W.

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. F.

Yuan, J.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yue, R.

R. Yue, A. Barton, H. Zhu, A. Azcatl, L. Pena, J. Wang, X. Peng, N. Liu, L. Cheng, R. Addou, S. McDonnell, L. Colombo, J. Hsu, J. Kim, M. Kim, R. Wallace, and C. Hinkle, “HfSe2 thin films: 2D transition metal dichalcogenides grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Nano 9(1), 474–480 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yun, S. J.

M. Kang, S. Rathi, I. Lee, L. Li, M. A. Khan, D. Lim, Y. Lee, J. Park, S. J. Yun, D. H. Youn, C. Jun, and G. H. Kim, “Tunable electrical properties of multilayer HfSe2 field effect transistors by oxygen plasma treatment,” Nanoscale 9(4), 1645–1652 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuwono, J. A.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, C.

G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, L.

G. Liang, L. Zeng, Y. H. Tsang, L. Tao, C. Y. Tang, P. K. Cheng, H. Long, X. Liu, J. Li, J. Qu, and Q. Wen, “Technique and model for modifying the saturable absorption (SA) properties of 2D nanofilms by considering interband exciton recombination,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(28), 7501–7511 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

M. J. Mleczko, C. Zhang, H. R. Lee, H. Kuo, B. M. Kope, R. G. Moore, Z. Shen, I. R. Fisher, Y. Nishi, and E. Pop, “HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides,” Sci. Adv. 3(8), e1700481 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, S. H. Wang, Z. X. Wu, Z. X. Wang, D. H. Wang, H. Huang, F. Zhang, Y. Q. Ge, and H. Zhang, “Sub-200 fs soliton mode-locked fiber laser based on bismuthene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(18), 22750 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An All-Optical, Actively Q-Switched Fiber Laser by an Antimonene-Based Optical Modulator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 13(4), 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, X. Shi, C. Wu, D. Tang, and H. Zhang, “Recent progress of study on optical solitons in fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 6(2), 021313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, C. K. Lim, Z. Dai, G. Yu, J. W. Haus, H. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photonics and optoelectronics using nano-structured hybrid perovskite media and their optical cavities,” Phys. Rep. 795, 1–51 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, F. Zhang, Z. Liang, T. Fan, Z. Li, X. Jiang, H. Chen, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide,” Photonics Res. 7(5), 494–502 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, S. H. Wang, Z. X. Wu, Z. X. Wang, D. H. Wang, H. Huang, F. Zhang, Y. Q. Ge, and H. Zhang, “Sub-200 fs soliton mode-locked fiber laser based on bismuthene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(18), 22750 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-Optical Phosphorene Phase Modulator with Enhanced Stability Under Ambient Conditions,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(6), 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Xing, Z. Xie, Z. Liang, W. Liang, T. Fan, J. S. Ponraj, S. C. Dhanabalan, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “2D Nonlayered Selenium Nanosheets: Facile Synthesis, Photoluminescence, and Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Quantum Dots: Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Guo, H. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Wang, S. Tang, J. Shao, Z. Sun, H. Xie, H. Wang, X. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. N.

Zhang, J.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological insulator-assisted dual-wavelength fiber laser delivering versatile pulse patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-Layer Platinum Diselenide as a New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Fiber Lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

J. Yin, F. Zhu, J. Lai, H. Chen, M. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, T. He, B. Zhang, J. Yuan, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Hafnium Sulfide Nanosheets for Ultrafast Photonic Device,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(5), 1801303 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Yin, J. Wang, M. Zhang, T. He, J. Li, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser with chemical vapor deposited molybdenum ditelluride,” Opt. Lett. 43(9), 1998 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Xie, J. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Wang, “Tailoring the nonlinear optical performance of two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms via defect engineering,” Nanoscale 10(37), 17924–17932 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, C. K. Lim, Z. Dai, G. Yu, J. W. Haus, H. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photonics and optoelectronics using nano-structured hybrid perovskite media and their optical cavities,” Phys. Rep. 795, 1–51 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Zhang, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. He, W. Li, F. Zhang, Y. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. Li, J. Feng, S. Ruan, Y. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Li, Y. Chen, T. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Xu, L. Li, H. Mu, B. N. Shivananju, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, A. Pan, S. Li, D. Tang, B. Jia, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Two-dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanosheets for ultrafast pulsed fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(14), 12759–12765 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. N. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao, “Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers,” 2D Mater. 6(4), 045038 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yi, L. Miao, J. Li, W. Hu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in the mid-infrared regime,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3894 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, J. Zhao, H. Huang, C. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Li, M. Zhang, and H. Zhang, “A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(4), 871–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Xie, C. Xing, W. Huang, T. Fan, Z. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Z. Guo, J. Li, Z. Yang, B. Dong, J. Qu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin 2D Nonlayered Tellurium Nanosheets: Facile Liquid-Phase Exfoliation, Characterization, and Photoresponse with High Performance and Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1705833 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Xie, L. Lu, J. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, F. Zhang, S. Lu, Z. Guo, J. Liu, Y. Xiang, S. Xu, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-Layer Tin Sulfide: A Promising Black-Phosphorus-Analogue 2D Material with Exceptionally Large Nonlinear Optical Response, High Stability, and Applications in All-Optical Switching and Wavelength Conversion,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(2), 1700985 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-supported manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons in metallic nanowaveguides,” Photonics Res. 5(3), 162 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

Zhao, W.

G. Chen, W. Li, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Zeng, and W. Zhao, “Generation of coexisting high-energy pulses in a mode-locked all-fiber laser with a nonlinear multimodal interference technique,” Photonics Res. 7(2), 187–192 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

S. M. Poh, S. J. R. Tan, H. Wang, P. Song, I. H. Abidi, X. Zhao, J. Dan, J. Chen, Z. Luo, S. J. Pennycook, A. H. C. Neto, and K. P. Loh, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy of Two-Dimensional In2Se3 and Its Giant Electroresistance Switching in Ferroresistive Memory Junction,” Nano Lett. 18(10), 6340–6346 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

M. Li, Z. Luo, and Y. Zhao, “Recent advancements in 2D nanomaterials for cancer therapy,” Sci. China: Chem. 61(10), 1214–1226 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C.

Q. Ou, Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. A. Yuwono, R. Wang, Z. Dai, W. Li, C. Zheng, Z. Xu, X. Qi, S. Duhm, N. V. Medhekar, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Strong Depletion in Hybrid Perovskite p–n Junctions Induced by Local Electronic Doping,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1705792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Y. Song, K. You, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, X. Jiang, Y. Ge, Y. Wang, J. Zheng, C. Xing, and H. Zhang, “Lead monoxide: a promising two-dimensional layered material for applications of nonlinear photonics at infrared band,” Nanoscale 11(26), 12595–12602 (2019).
[Crossref]

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D. Mao, X. Cui, Z. He, H. Lu, W. Zhang, L. Wang, Q. Zhuang, S. Hua, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “Broadband polarization-insensitive saturable absorption of Fe2O3 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 10(45), 21219–21224 (2018).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The photograph of HfSe2 dispersion; (b) Raman spectrum of HfSe2.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. AFM morphology images of HfSe2 nanosheets.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic illustration of passively Q-switched EDF laser based on HfSe2/PVA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The nonlinear absorption property of the HfSe2/PVA.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Typical oscilloscope traces the Q-switched pulse trains under different pump power; (b) the optical spectrum of Q-switched EDF with HSe2/PVA.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) The repetition rate and pulse width as functions of pump power; (b) Output power and pulse energy as function of pump power.

Equations (1)

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α ( I ) = α s 1 + I I s a t + α n s

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