Abstract

Rapid grown KDP and DKDP crystals have obvious phase jump at the pyramid–prism (PY-PR) interfaces, which will give rise to intensity modulation to the propagation beam. In this paper, the basic properties of phase jump at the PY-PR interfaces in rapid grown KDP and DKDP crystals are firsly characterized and compared. Then, the influence of the interface’s phase jump on the third harmonic beam modulation is researched by the third-harmonic-generation (THG) experiment. It is found that there exist two PY-PR interfaces in the KDP crystal (SHG1 and SHG2) shaping a “bamboo hat” and three PY-PR interfaces in the DKDP crystal (THG1, THG2 and THG3) shaping a “basin”. The phase-jump magnitude of the PY-PR interface in DKDP crystal is about 1.8 times larger than that in KDP crystal. The THG1 interface, at the bottom of the “basin”, has the largest root-mean-squared gradient (GRMS) of the phase jump, which arouses about 1.6 times modulations to the THG beam. To suppress the beam modulation, the GRMS of phase jump at the PY-PR interface is suggested below 1.2 λ/mm.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

D. Y. Chen, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. B. Bai, N. Xu, B. Z. Li, H. J. Qi, and J. D. Shao, “Investigation of the pyramid-prism boundary of a rapidly grown KDP crystal,” CrystEngComm 21(9), 1482–1487 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

2015 (2)

S. K. Sharma, S. Verma, Y. Singh, K. S. Bartwal, M. K. Tiwari, G. S. Lodha, and G. Bhagavannarayana, “Investigations of structural defects, crystalline perfection, metallic impurity concentration and optical quality of flat-top KDP crystal,” Opt. Mater. 46, 329–338 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. W. Cui, and S. Y. Teng, “Fresnel diffraction by a square aperture with rough edge,” Optik 126(21), 3066–3071 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

W. Han, L. D. Zhou, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, K. Y. Li, L. Q. Wang, B. Feng, Q. H. Zhu, J. Q. Su, and M. L. Gong, “Effect of spatial refractive-index nonuniformities existed in a large-scale rapid growth KDP crystal on third-harmonic conversion,” Optik 124(24), 6506–6508 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Q. Q. Su, G. W. Zhang, H. Tao, and J. X. Pu, “Modulation of nonlinear medium with surface defects on intensity properties of laser,” Qiangjiguang Yu Lizishu 24(11), 2585–2590 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. J. Liu, X. Yin, S. L. Wang, Z. P. Wang, J. X. Ding, Y. Sun, and G. X. Liu, “Dependence of refractive indices on the deuterium content in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(6), 1769–1772 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. G. Demos, R. N. Raman, S. T. Yang, R. A. Negres, K. I. Schaffers, and M. A. Henesian, “Measurement of the Raman scattering cross section of the breathing mode in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 19(21), 21050–21059 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. X. Zhuang, L. W. Ye, G. Z. Zheng, G. B. Su, Y. P. He, X. Q. Lin, and Z. H. Xu, “The rapid growth of large-scale KDP single crystal in brief procedure,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 700–702 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2004 (2)

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Huser, C. W. Hollars, W. J. Siekhaus, J. J. de Yoreo, T. I. Suratwala, and T. A. Land, “Characterization of proton exchange layer profiles in KD2PO4 crystals by micro-Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 58(3), 349–351 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

M. F. Reedijk, J. Arsic, F. F. A. Hollander, S. A. de Vries, and E. Vlieg, “Liquid order at the interface of KDP crystals with water: evidence for icelike layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(6), 066103 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

2002 (1)

D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

1998 (1)

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. A. Yakshin, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Broslavets, O. E. Sidoryuk, and S. Goldstein, “Determination of the deuteration degree of DKDP crystals by Raman spectroscopy technique,” Laser Phys. 7, 941–945 (1997).

1996 (1)

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966(1996), 11–16 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd: glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ai, C.

Arsic, J.

M. F. Reedijk, J. Arsic, F. F. A. Hollander, S. A. de Vries, and E. Vlieg, “Liquid order at the interface of KDP crystals with water: evidence for icelike layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(6), 066103 (2003).
[Crossref]

Auerbach, J. M.

Bai, Y. B.

D. Y. Chen, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. B. Bai, N. Xu, B. Z. Li, H. J. Qi, and J. D. Shao, “Investigation of the pyramid-prism boundary of a rapidly grown KDP crystal,” CrystEngComm 21(9), 1482–1487 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bartwal, K. S.

S. K. Sharma, S. Verma, Y. Singh, K. S. Bartwal, M. K. Tiwari, G. S. Lodha, and G. Bhagavannarayana, “Investigations of structural defects, crystalline perfection, metallic impurity concentration and optical quality of flat-top KDP crystal,” Opt. Mater. 46, 329–338 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bennema, P.

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bennett, S. L.

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bhagavannarayana, G.

S. K. Sharma, S. Verma, Y. Singh, K. S. Bartwal, M. K. Tiwari, G. S. Lodha, and G. Bhagavannarayana, “Investigations of structural defects, crystalline perfection, metallic impurity concentration and optical quality of flat-top KDP crystal,” Opt. Mater. 46, 329–338 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bibeau, C.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd: glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103 (1991).
[Crossref]

Borden, M. R.

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bouchut, P.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bouillet, S.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bowers, M. W.

Broslavets, Y.

M. A. Yakshin, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Broslavets, O. E. Sidoryuk, and S. Goldstein, “Determination of the deuteration degree of DKDP crystals by Raman spectroscopy technique,” Laser Phys. 7, 941–945 (1997).

Burnham, A.

D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

Byrappa, K.

G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, “Spinger handbook of crystal growth,” Published by Springer, 759–789 (2010).

Cabane, H.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Campbell, J. H.

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chai, X. X.

Chen, D. Y.

D. Y. Chen, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. B. Bai, N. Xu, B. Z. Li, H. J. Qi, and J. D. Shao, “Investigation of the pyramid-prism boundary of a rapidly grown KDP crystal,” CrystEngComm 21(9), 1482–1487 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X. F.

L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

Courchinoux, R.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Couture, S. A.

Cui, Y. W.

J. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. W. Cui, and S. Y. Teng, “Fresnel diffraction by a square aperture with rough edge,” Optik 126(21), 3066–3071 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y. P.

L. L. Ji, B. Q. Zhu, T. Y. Zhan, Y. P. Dai, J. Zhu, W. X. Ma, and Z. Q. Lin, “The third harmonics generation with large aperture and high fluency,” Acta Phys. Sin. 60(9), 1–6 (2001).

de Vries, S. A.

M. F. Reedijk, J. Arsic, F. F. A. Hollander, S. A. de Vries, and E. Vlieg, “Liquid order at the interface of KDP crystals with water: evidence for icelike layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(6), 066103 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

de Yoreo, J. J.

T. Huser, C. W. Hollars, W. J. Siekhaus, J. J. de Yoreo, T. I. Suratwala, and T. A. Land, “Characterization of proton exchange layer profiles in KD2PO4 crystals by micro-Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 58(3), 349–351 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966(1996), 11–16 (1996).
[Crossref]

Defossez, P.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Demos, S. G.

Dhanaraj, G.

G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, “Spinger handbook of crystal growth,” Published by Springer, 759–789 (2010).

Ding, J. X.

W. J. Liu, X. Yin, S. L. Wang, Z. P. Wang, J. X. Ding, Y. Sun, and G. X. Liu, “Dependence of refractive indices on the deuterium content in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(6), 1769–1772 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dixit, S. N.

Dudley, M.

G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, “Spinger handbook of crystal growth,” Published by Springer, 759–789 (2010).

Ehrlich, R. B.

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd: glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103 (1991).
[Crossref]

Eimerl, D.

Erbert, G. V.

Feit, M. D.

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feng, B.

X. X. Chai, F. Wang, B. Feng, X. Feng, L. S. Zhang, F. Q. Li, W. Han, L. Q. Wang, P. Li, D. Y. Zhu, Y. K. Jing, and G. Z. Wang, “Deuterium homogeneity investigation of large-size DKDP crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(5), 1193–1201 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. D. Zhou, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, K. Y. Li, L. Q. Wang, B. Feng, Q. H. Zhu, J. Q. Su, and M. L. Gong, “Effect of spatial refractive-index nonuniformities existed in a large-scale rapid growth KDP crystal on third-harmonic conversion,” Optik 124(24), 6506–6508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

Ferriou-Daurios, N.

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Goedtkindt, P.

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goldstein, S.

M. A. Yakshin, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Broslavets, O. E. Sidoryuk, and S. Goldstein, “Determination of the deuteration degree of DKDP crystals by Raman spectroscopy technique,” Laser Phys. 7, 941–945 (1997).

Gong, M. L.

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M. A. Yakshin, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Broslavets, O. E. Sidoryuk, and S. Goldstein, “Determination of the deuteration degree of DKDP crystals by Raman spectroscopy technique,” Laser Phys. 7, 941–945 (1997).

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L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

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W. J. Liu, X. Yin, S. L. Wang, Z. P. Wang, J. X. Ding, Y. Sun, and G. X. Liu, “Dependence of refractive indices on the deuterium content in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(6), 1769–1772 (2012).
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D. Y. Chen, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. B. Bai, N. Xu, B. Z. Li, H. J. Qi, and J. D. Shao, “Investigation of the pyramid-prism boundary of a rapidly grown KDP crystal,” CrystEngComm 21(9), 1482–1487 (2019).
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X. X. Zhuang, L. W. Ye, G. Z. Zheng, G. B. Su, Y. P. He, X. Q. Lin, and Z. H. Xu, “The rapid growth of large-scale KDP single crystal in brief procedure,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 700–702 (2011).
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M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966(1996), 11–16 (1996).
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Yin, X.

W. J. Liu, X. Yin, S. L. Wang, Z. P. Wang, J. X. Ding, Y. Sun, and G. X. Liu, “Dependence of refractive indices on the deuterium content in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(6), 1769–1772 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoreo, D.

D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zaitseva, N. P.

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966(1996), 11–16 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhan, T. Y.

L. L. Ji, B. Q. Zhu, T. Y. Zhan, Y. P. Dai, J. Zhu, W. X. Ma, and Z. Q. Lin, “The third harmonics generation with large aperture and high fluency,” Acta Phys. Sin. 60(9), 1–6 (2001).

Zhang, G. W.

Q. Q. Su, G. W. Zhang, H. Tao, and J. X. Pu, “Modulation of nonlinear medium with surface defects on intensity properties of laser,” Qiangjiguang Yu Lizishu 24(11), 2585–2590 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. S.

Zhang, Q. Q.

L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

Zhang, W.

J. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. W. Cui, and S. Y. Teng, “Fresnel diffraction by a square aperture with rough edge,” Optik 126(21), 3066–3071 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G. Z.

X. X. Zhuang, L. W. Ye, G. Z. Zheng, G. B. Su, Y. P. He, X. Q. Lin, and Z. H. Xu, “The rapid growth of large-scale KDP single crystal in brief procedure,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 700–702 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L. D.

W. Han, L. D. Zhou, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, K. Y. Li, L. Q. Wang, B. Feng, Q. H. Zhu, J. Q. Su, and M. L. Gong, “Effect of spatial refractive-index nonuniformities existed in a large-scale rapid growth KDP crystal on third-harmonic conversion,” Optik 124(24), 6506–6508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B. Q.

L. L. Ji, B. Q. Zhu, T. Y. Zhan, Y. P. Dai, J. Zhu, W. X. Ma, and Z. Q. Lin, “The third harmonics generation with large aperture and high fluency,” Acta Phys. Sin. 60(9), 1–6 (2001).

Zhu, D. Y.

Zhu, J.

L. L. Ji, B. Q. Zhu, T. Y. Zhan, Y. P. Dai, J. Zhu, W. X. Ma, and Z. Q. Lin, “The third harmonics generation with large aperture and high fluency,” Acta Phys. Sin. 60(9), 1–6 (2001).

Zhu, Q. H.

W. Han, L. D. Zhou, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, K. Y. Li, L. Q. Wang, B. Feng, Q. H. Zhu, J. Q. Su, and M. L. Gong, “Effect of spatial refractive-index nonuniformities existed in a large-scale rapid growth KDP crystal on third-harmonic conversion,” Optik 124(24), 6506–6508 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

Zhuang, X. X.

X. X. Zhuang, L. W. Ye, G. Z. Zheng, G. B. Su, Y. P. He, X. Q. Lin, and Z. H. Xu, “The rapid growth of large-scale KDP single crystal in brief procedure,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 700–702 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zwanenburg, M. J.

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

L. L. Ji, B. Q. Zhu, T. Y. Zhan, Y. P. Dai, J. Zhu, W. X. Ma, and Z. Q. Lin, “The third harmonics generation with large aperture and high fluency,” Acta Phys. Sin. 60(9), 1–6 (2001).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

CrystEngComm (1)

D. Y. Chen, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. B. Bai, N. Xu, B. Z. Li, H. J. Qi, and J. D. Shao, “Investigation of the pyramid-prism boundary of a rapidly grown KDP crystal,” CrystEngComm 21(9), 1482–1487 (2019).
[Crossref]

High Power Laser and Particle Beams (1)

L. Q. Liu, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. H. Zhu, X. F. Cheng, D. B. Jiang, Q. Q. Zhang, and H. J. Liu, “Study of the static wavefront distortion of optics elements in the multi-pass amplification system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15(3), 241–244 (2003).

Int. Mater. Rev. (1)

D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

X. X. Zhuang, L. W. Ye, G. Z. Zheng, G. B. Su, Y. P. He, X. Q. Lin, and Z. H. Xu, “The rapid growth of large-scale KDP single crystal in brief procedure,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 700–702 (2011).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

M. A. Yakshin, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Broslavets, O. E. Sidoryuk, and S. Goldstein, “Determination of the deuteration degree of DKDP crystals by Raman spectroscopy technique,” Laser Phys. 7, 941–945 (1997).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

W. J. Liu, X. Yin, S. L. Wang, Z. P. Wang, J. X. Ding, Y. Sun, and G. X. Liu, “Dependence of refractive indices on the deuterium content in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(6), 1769–1772 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (2)

S. K. Sharma, S. Verma, Y. Singh, K. S. Bartwal, M. K. Tiwari, G. S. Lodha, and G. Bhagavannarayana, “Investigations of structural defects, crystalline perfection, metallic impurity concentration and optical quality of flat-top KDP crystal,” Opt. Mater. 46, 329–338 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Maunier, P. Bouchut, S. Bouillet, H. Cabane, R. Courchinoux, P. Defossez, J. C. Poncetta, and N. Ferriou-Daurios, “Growth and characterization of large KDP crystals for high power lasers,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 88–90 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optik (2)

J. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. W. Cui, and S. Y. Teng, “Fresnel diffraction by a square aperture with rough edge,” Optik 126(21), 3066–3071 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. D. Zhou, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, K. Y. Li, L. Q. Wang, B. Feng, Q. H. Zhu, J. Q. Su, and M. L. Gong, “Effect of spatial refractive-index nonuniformities existed in a large-scale rapid growth KDP crystal on third-harmonic conversion,” Optik 124(24), 6506–6508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. A. de Vries, P. Goedtkindt, S. L. Bennett, W. J. Huisman, M. J. Zwanenburg, D. M. Smilgies, J. J. De Yoreo, W. J. P. van Enckevort, P. Bennema, and E. Vlieg, “Surface atomic structure of KDP crystals in aqueous solution: an explanation of the growth shape,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(10), 2229–2232 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. F. Reedijk, J. Arsic, F. F. A. Hollander, S. A. de Vries, and E. Vlieg, “Liquid order at the interface of KDP crystals with water: evidence for icelike layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(6), 066103 (2003).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966(1996), 11–16 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, D. R. Speck, C. Bibeau, R. B. Ehrlich, C. W. Laumann, J. K. Lawson, and T. L. Weiland, “Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd: glass laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 1415, 90–103 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. H. Campbell, R. A. Hawley-Fedder, C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, M. R. Borden, P. K. Whitman, J. Yu, M. Runkel, M. O. Riley, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “NIF optical materials and fabrication technologies: An overview,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 84–101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qiangjiguang Yu Lizishu (1)

Q. Q. Su, G. W. Zhang, H. Tao, and J. X. Pu, “Modulation of nonlinear medium with surface defects on intensity properties of laser,” Qiangjiguang Yu Lizishu 24(11), 2585–2590 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. Lahiri, Basic optics: principles and concepts, Published by Elsevier Inc, 355–430 (2016).

G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, “Spinger handbook of crystal growth,” Published by Springer, 759–789 (2010).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. the cutting schematic diagram of the KDP and DKDP crystal slices
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic diagram of the experimental setup and the spatial distribution of fundamental light
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Measuring points for Raman spectrum in DKDP crystal, (b) Raman spectra of KDP and DKDP crystals
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Transmitted wavefront distribution of the KDP (a) and DKDP (b) crystals
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Typical phase jump of the PY-PR interfaces in KDP and DKDP crystals, (b) Schematic diagram of the PY-PR interface in the crystal
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Total GRMS of the wavefront in KDP and DKDP crystals, (b) Profile data of the GRMS at Section A of THG1
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Near-field intensity distribution of 3ω laser, (b) Profile data of the 3ω intensity at Section A of the THG1 interface
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Dependence of the intensity modulation on the GRMS of phase jump

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the PY-PR interfaces

Equations (3)

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Δ φ = [ Δ n ( θ , x ) 1] L / λ ,
W ( X,Y ) = W SHG ( X,Y ) + W THG ( X,Y )
g ( X,Y ) = [ W ( X,Y ) X ] 2 + [ W ( X,Y ) Y ] 2

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