Abstract

Metasurfaces for color printing rely on the resonant interaction of light with nanostructures, which translates to small physical resonator sizes for visible wavelengths, thus demanding very high fabrication accuracy that necessitates low-throughput processes and prevents the economical large-scale coloration and printing. Through the use of third-order gap plasmon resonances, element sizes necessary for visible resonances can be scaled to be compatible with several large-scale techniques for nanofabrication while retaining the capability of generating vivid colors. We demonstrate this using a 450-nm-periodic gold nanodisc array on SiO2 of different thicknesses (20, 40 and 50 nm) atop a thick gold substrate - a composite structure supporting gap plasmon resonances for both linear polarizations. A third-order resonance occurs for discs of 300 nm diameter and larger, while first-order resonances occur below 100 nm for red light (630 nm). By fabricating nanodiscs of different diameters, we observe vivid shades of red and green colors, with dark shades for third-order gap plasmon nanodiscs resonators due to inherent losses and bright shades for small discs of fundamental resonance counterparts. The third-order gap plasmon based nanodiscs are further spectrally characterized and tested for uniformity and reproducibility by demonstrating printed patterns. The significant improvement in both size and color range using the approach of higher-order based resonances can have a significant impact on the practical applicability and economic feasibility of plasmonic color printing.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  50. M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  51. N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2018 (11)

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Chen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Metasurface-based polarimeters,” Appl. Sci. 8, 594 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Boroviks, R. A. Deshpande, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Multifunctional metamirror: Polarization splitting and focusing,” ACS Photonics 5, 1648–1653 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light. Sci. Appl. 7, 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
[Crossref]

V.-C. Su, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Advances in optical metasurfaces: fabrication and applications [invited],” Opt. Express 26, 13148–13182 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (11)

R. Deshpande, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Third-order gap plasmon based metasurfaces for visible light,” Opt. Express 25, 12508–12517 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Nagasaki, M. Suzuki, and J. Takahara, “All-dielectric dual-color pixel with subwavelength resolution,” Nano Lett. 17, 7500–7506 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, M.-H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, and et al., “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24, 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. C. Traub, W. Longsine, and V. N. Truskett, “Advances in nanoimprint lithography,” Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. 7, 583–604 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23, 14552–14560 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78, 024401 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14, 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient and broadband quarter-wave plates by gap-plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 21, 2942–2952 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

A. Roberts and L. Lin, “Plasmonic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1820–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20, 13311–13319 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics 1, 125–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2006 (1)

N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Afshinmanesh, F.

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics 1, 125–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

Ainley, E.

N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
[Crossref]

Albrektsen, O.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14, 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20, 13311–13319 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Austin, M. D.

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref]

Becker, K. P.

A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boroviks, S.

S. Boroviks, R. A. Deshpande, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Multifunctional metamirror: Polarization splitting and focusing,” ACS Photonics 5, 1648–1653 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. Boroviks, R. A. Deshpande, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Multifunctional metamirror: Polarization splitting and focusing,” ACS Photonics 5, 1648–1653 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light. Sci. Appl. 7, 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Chen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Metasurface-based polarimeters,” Appl. Sci. 8, 594 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Deshpande, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Third-order gap plasmon based metasurfaces for visible light,” Opt. Express 25, 12508–12517 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14, 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient and broadband quarter-wave plates by gap-plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 21, 2942–2952 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20, 13311–13319 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics 1, 125–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burek, M. J.

A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
[Crossref]

Butun, S.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, T.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics 1, 125–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78, 024401 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.-W.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Chen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Metasurface-based polarimeters,” Appl. Sci. 8, 594 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, F.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23, 14552–14560 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, E.-H.

Chou, S. Y.

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Choudhury, S.

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Christiansen, A. B.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Chu, C. H.

Clausen, J. S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Czaplewski, D.

Dai, P.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dauksher, W. J.

N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deshpande, R.

R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light. Sci. Appl. 7, 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Deshpande, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Third-order gap plasmon based metasurfaces for visible light,” Opt. Express 25, 12508–12517 (2017).
[Crossref]

Deshpande, R. A.

S. Boroviks, R. A. Deshpande, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Multifunctional metamirror: Polarization splitting and focusing,” ACS Photonics 5, 1648–1653 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Chen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Metasurface-based polarimeters,” Appl. Sci. 8, 594 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light. Sci. Appl. 7, 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Duan, H.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
[Crossref]

Duan, Z.

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, L.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feidenhans’l, N. A.

S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y. H.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gabay, I.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23, 14552–14560 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ge, H.

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gehoski, K. A.

N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet and F. Capasso, “Holographic optical metasurfaces: a review of current progress,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 78, 024401 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Goh, X. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grajower, M.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gramotnev, D. K.

Guler, U.

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, G.-Y.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hansen, P. E.

S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, S.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hegde, R. S.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ho, J.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Højlund-Nielsen, E.

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hung Chu, C.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. H.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Juan, T.-K.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

Kildishev, A. V.

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
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Kim, M.-H.

Kim, S.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
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E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
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X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
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G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
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X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
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Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
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Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
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E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
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N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
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Martin, O. J. F.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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Mortensen, N. A.

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X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
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Y. Nagasaki, M. Suzuki, and J. Takahara, “All-dielectric dual-color pixel with subwavelength resolution,” Nano Lett. 17, 7500–7506 (2017).
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G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
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X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
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Nordlander, P.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
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Park, Y.-P.

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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
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A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
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L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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Radko, I. P.

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
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Roberts, A.

Roberts, A. S.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14, 783–787 (2014).
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Rousso, D.

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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
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F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
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Shaltout, A.

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
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Shneidman, A. V.

A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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Song, Q.

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
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Su, V.-C.

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Sun, S.

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S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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Y. Nagasaki, M. Suzuki, and J. Takahara, “All-dielectric dual-color pixel with subwavelength resolution,” Nano Lett. 17, 7500–7506 (2017).
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S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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Y. Nagasaki, M. Suzuki, and J. Takahara, “All-dielectric dual-color pixel with subwavelength resolution,” Nano Lett. 17, 7500–7506 (2017).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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Tang, S.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
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L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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M. C. Traub, W. Longsine, and V. N. Truskett, “Advances in nanoimprint lithography,” Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. 7, 583–604 (2016).
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Troccoli, M.

Truskett, V. N.

M. C. Traub, W. Longsine, and V. N. Truskett, “Advances in nanoimprint lithography,” Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. 7, 583–604 (2016).
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V.-C. Su, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Advances in optical metasurfaces: fabrication and applications [invited],” Opt. Express 26, 13148–13182 (2018).
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X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
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L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
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E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
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A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
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Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
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Wang, Y. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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Wang, Z.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
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S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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Xu, H.-X.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xuan, Y.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, Y. Xuan, C. Tansarawiput, S. Kim, and M. Qi, “Resistless nanoimprinting in metal for plasmonic nanostructures,” Small. 9, 3778–3783 (2013).
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Yan, C.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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Yan, W.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
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Yang, J. K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
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Yang, J. K. W.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
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F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23, 14552–14560 (2015).
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Yang, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
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Yang, Z.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
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Yu, N.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
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Yu, Y. F.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yulevich, I.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, “Photonic spin-controlled multifunctional shared-aperture antenna array,” Science 352, 1202–1206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yun, S.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
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F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
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Zhang, C.

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
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Zhang, J.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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Zhang, L.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhao, H.

H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
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Zheng, M.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Zhou, L.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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Zhou, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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Zhu, S.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
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ACS Nano (3)

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: A supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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H. Wang, X. Wang, C. Yan, H. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Full color generation using silver tandem nanodisks,” ACS Nano 11, 4419–4427 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, Y. Gao, Z. Duan, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “All-dielectric full-color printing with TiO2 metasurfaces,” ACS Nano 11, 4445–4452 (2017).
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ACS Photonics (4)

S. Boroviks, R. A. Deshpande, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Multifunctional metamirror: Polarization splitting and focusing,” ACS Photonics 5, 1648–1653 (2018).
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F. Ding, A. Pors, Y. Chen, V. A. Zenin, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Beam-size-invariant spectropolarimeters using gap-plasmon metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 4, 943–949 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Yoon, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, and J. Rho, “Pragmatic metasurface hologram at visible wavelength: The balance between diffraction efficiency and fabrication compatibility,” ACS Photonics 5, 1643–1647 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shneidman, K. P. Becker, M. A. Lukas, N. Torgerson, C. Wang, O. Reshef, M. J. Burek, K. Paul, J. McLellan, and M. Loncar, “All-polymer integrated optical resonators by roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography,” ACS Photonics 5, 1839–1845 (2018).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

S. Choudhury, U. Guler, A. Shaltout, V. M. Shalaev, A. V. Kildishev, and A. Boltasseva, “Pancharatnam–berry phase manipulating metasurface for visible color hologram based on low loss silver thin film,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700196 (2017).
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Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned Fabry-Pèrot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. (1)

M. C. Traub, W. Longsine, and V. N. Truskett, “Advances in nanoimprint lithography,” Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. 7, 583–604 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. D. Austin, H. Ge, W. Wu, M. Li, Z. Yu, D. Wasserman, S. Lyon, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5299–5301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Sci. (2)

S. Tang, T. Cai, H.-X. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8, 555 (2018).
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F. Ding, Y. Chen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Metasurface-based polarimeters,” Appl. Sci. 8, 594 (2018).
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Light. Sci. Appl. (1)

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light. Sci. Appl. 7, 17178 (2018).
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Microelectron. Eng. (1)

N. V. Le, W. J. Dauksher, K. A. Gehoski, K. J. Nordquist, E. Ainley, and P. Mangat, “Direct pattern transfer for sub-45 nm features using nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 839–842 (2006).
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Nano Lett. (9)

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond srgb color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17, 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14, 4499–4504 (2014).
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R. Deshpande, V. A. Zenin, F. Ding, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Direct characterization of near-field coupling in gap plasmon-based metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 18, 6265–6270 (2018).
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A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14, 783–787 (2014).
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Y. Nagasaki, M. Suzuki, and J. Takahara, “All-dielectric dual-color pixel with subwavelength resolution,” Nano Lett. 17, 7500–7506 (2017).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15, 1615–1621 (2015).
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N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (2)

F. Afshinmanesh, J. S. White, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Measurement of the polarization state of light using an integrated plasmonic polarimeter,” Nanophotonics 1, 125–129 (2012).
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F. Ding, Y. Yang, R. A. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “A review of gap-surface plasmon metasurfaces: fundamentals and applications,” Nanophotonics 7, 2192–8614 (2018).
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Nanoscale (1)

S. Murthy, H. Pranov, N. A. Feidenhans’l, J. S. Madsen, P. E. Hansen, H. C. Pedersen, and R. Taboryski, “Plasmonic color metasurfaces fabricated by a high speed roll-to-roll method,” Nanoscale 9, 14280–14287 (2017).
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Nat. Commun. (2)

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. Hung Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan, T. Li, S. Zhu, and D. P. Tsai, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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X. Zhu, C. Vannahme, E. Højlund-Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Plasmonic colour laser printing,” Nat. Nanotech. 11, 325 (2015).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotech. 7, 557 (2012).
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A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 16088 (2016).
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Opt. Express (8)

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F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 026401 (2018).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research. 2018, 10 (2018).
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Sci. Adv. (1)

X. Zhu, W. Yan, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Resonant laser printing of structural colors on high-index dielectric metasurfaces,” Sci. Adv. 3, 1602487 (2017).
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F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11045 (2015).
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A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 First and third-order nanodiscs GSPRs for color printing. (a) Schematic of a gold nanodisc (diameter D) atop a thin (thickness ts) SiO2 layer and bottom optically thick gold layer in period (Λ) of 450 nm, illuminated with normal incidence. (b) Schematic of nanodisc arrays of different diameters reflecting colored light in the far-field. (c) Electric and magnetic fields of a GSPR supporting a first-order resonance (D = 75 nm) and (d) third-order resonance (D = 325 nm).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Colors obtained from first and third-order nanodisc GSPRs. (a) Color palette of nanodiscs fabricated with diameter (D) varying from 50 nm to 425 nm in step 25 nm on top of SiO2 thicknesses 20, 40 and 50 nm imaged using 50× objective (NA = 0.8). (b) SEM images of fabricated nanodisc arrays of D = 75 nm on a 20-nm-thick SiO2 layer, (c) D = 250 nm on 40 nm of SiO2 and (d) D = 400 nm on 50 nm of SiO2, with the corresponding position in color palette outlined in Fig. 2(a).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical characterization of nanodiscs. (a) Experimentally measured reflection spectra of nanodisc arrays on 40 nm SiO2, collected with a ×50 objective (NA = 0.8) and normalized against the reflection from a silver mirror. Solid curves correspond to first-order GSPR with small diameter nanodiscs and dash curves for third-order GSPR based large nanodiscs. (b) Simulated spectra of first-order and third-order GSPR nanodiscs. (c) CIE xy color plots based on experimentally obtained and (d) simulated spectra of all nanodiscs. The circles represent the diameters ranging from 50 nm to 425 nm with increasing disc diameters represented by circles of increasing brightness.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 A color print of the redesigned logo of University of Southern Denmark (SDU). (a) Optical microscopy using a 20× objective image of the SDU logo fabricated at a size of 350 × 125 μm2 area. (b) SEM image of letter S (scale bar 20 μm) and (c) letter U, scale bar 10 μm with (d) high resolution image of outlined region in letter U, scale bar 1 μm. (e) The SEM image of large nanodiscs corresponding to third-order GSPR used in printing the apple and leaves pattern, scale bar 20 μm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 GSP mode map for different SiO2 thicknesses. (a) Electromagnetic fields of first order GSP mode for D 75 nm nanodisc and third-order GSP mode for D 325 nm nanodisc for SiO2 thickness of 20 nm and (b) 50 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimentally measured reflectance for all nanodiscs diameters. The spectra of nanodiscs collected using ×50 objective is normalized with silver mirror as reference.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated reflectance corresponding to above measured nanodiscs. The spectra are simulated by considering losses through three times increase in the imaginary part of dielectric function of gold.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated reflectacnce spectra for D 75, 100 and 325 nm nanodiscs on SiO2 thickness of (a) 20 and (b) 50 nm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured reflectance spectra of an array of nanodiscs with D = 300 nm on 40 nm of SiO2, using objectives with numerical apertures of 0.95 (50×) and 0.50 (20×), where the 50× objective collects the first diffraction of the normally incident illumination and 20× objective does not. It emerges that the collection of the first diffraction order does not alter the observed spectrum significantly.

Equations (1)

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D k 0 n gsp = p π ϕ .

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