Abstract

A quality assurance (QA) procedure is developed that enables analysts to effectively test the intrinsic activity of a SERS substrate - silver colloids - before applying them to a precious art sample. SERS measurements of adsorbed citrate or alizarin should not be used to establish substrate fidelity. Instead, we recommend carmine and madder lake pigments as first steps in QA. After colloid activity is established, integrating the QA protocol with sample pretreatment strategies provides for the reproducible identification of unknown colorants in microscopic samples from references and an actual painting.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
In situ 3D characterization of historical coatings and wood using multimodal nonlinear optical microscopy

Gaël Latour, Jean-Philippe Echard, Marie Didier, and Marie-Claire Schanne-Klein
Opt. Express 20(22) 24623-24635 (2012)

Color Prediction Using the Two-Constant Turbid-Media Theory*

Hugh R. Davidson and Henry Hemmendinger
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56(8) 1102-1109 (1966)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Pozzi and M. Leona, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(1), 67–77 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. G. C. Schatz and R. P. Van Duyne, “Electromagnetic Mechanism of Surface-Enhanced Spectroscopy,” in Handbook of Vibrational Spectroscopy, J. M. Chalmers and P. R. Griffiths, eds. (Wiley, New York, 2002), pp. 759 - 774.
  6. J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. G. Etchegoin and E. C. Le Ru, “A perspective on single molecule SERS: current status and future challenges,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(40), 6079–6089 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  21. F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  23. F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” J. Phys. Chem. 86(17), 3391–3395 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  30. W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  33. C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  34. Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. A. Henglein and M. Giersig, “Formation of colloidal silver nanoparticles: capping action of citrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(44), 9533–9539 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  38. A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi and M. Leona, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(1), 67–77 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

P. G. Etchegoin and E. C. Le Ru, “A perspective on single molecule SERS: current status and future challenges,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(40), 6079–6089 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

A. Henglein and M. Giersig, “Formation of colloidal silver nanoparticles: capping action of citrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(44), 9533–9539 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” J. Phys. Chem. 86(17), 3391–3395 (1982).
[Crossref]

Alyami, A.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appolonia, L.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baglioni, P.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bellot-Gurlet, L.

F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berg, K. J.

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blatchford, C.

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

Brosseau, C. L.

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruni, S.

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruno, G.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bumm, L.

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

Callaghan, R.

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

Camden, J. P.

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cañamares, M. V.

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Casadio, F.

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, L.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K.

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, J.

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Daher, C.

F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dasari, R.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

David Holbrook, R.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

del Puerto, E.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dieringer, J. A.

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dinehart, S. A.

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domingo, C.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emory, S. R.

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Etchegoin, P. G.

P. G. Etchegoin and E. C. Le Ru, “A perspective on single molecule SERS: current status and future challenges,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(40), 6079–6089 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fabian, D. M.

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feld, M. S.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fiedler, I.

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frano, K. A.

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freeman, R. G.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frontiera, R. R.

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gambardella, A.

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Ramos, J. V.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garner, M.

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Giersig, M.

A. Henglein and M. Giersig, “Formation of colloidal silver nanoparticles: capping action of citrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(44), 9533–9539 (1999).
[Crossref]

Giorgi, R.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gómez-Varga, J. D.

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorham, J. M.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grzywacz, C. M.

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulmini, M.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmati, A.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

Henglein, A.

A. Henglein and M. Giersig, “Formation of colloidal silver nanoparticles: capping action of citrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(44), 9533–9539 (1999).
[Crossref]

Henry, A. I.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, F.

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iacopino, D.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Idone, A.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itzkan, I.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ivleva, N. P.

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jurasekova, Z.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kerker, M.

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kleinman, S. L.

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kneipp, K.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Le Ru, E. C.

P. G. Etchegoin and E. C. Le Ru, “A perspective on single molecule SERS: current status and future challenges,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(40), 6079–6089 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, P. C.

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” J. Phys. Chem. 86(17), 3391–3395 (1982).
[Crossref]

Leona, M.

C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi and M. Leona, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(1), 67–77 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lippa, K. A.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lombardi, J. R.

C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, L.

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacCuspie, R. I.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marks, L. D.

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masiello, D. J.

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matecki, M. K.

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mayhew, H. E.

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McMahon, J. M.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meisel, D.

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” J. Phys. Chem. 86(17), 3391–3395 (1982).
[Crossref]

Meng, W.

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mirabile, A.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Muehlethaler, C.

C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munro, C.

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Munro, C. H.

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Natan, M. J.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nie, S.

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niessner, R.

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

Oakley, L. H.

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perelman, L. T.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Piotti, M. E.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porcinai, S.

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pozzi, F.

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi and M. Leona, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(1), 67–77 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rayner, K. S.

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ringe, E.

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roh, J. Y.

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohlfing, A. B.

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sanchez-Cortes, S.

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saviello, D.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sessa, C.

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shah, N. C.

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, B.

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

Siiman, O.

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

Smith, W.

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Smith, W. E.

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Stege, H.

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

Svoboda, S. A.

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trabace, M.

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Valley, N.

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R.

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vo-Dinh, K. C.

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vo-Dinh, T.

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wabuyele, M. B.

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

Weiss, R.

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

White, P.

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

White, P. C.

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Whitney, A. V.

A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wouters, J.

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wustholz, K. L.

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, F.

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zaleski, S.

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

F. Casadio, M. Leona, J. R. Lombardi, and R. Van Duyne, “Identification of organic colorants in fibers, paints, and glazes by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(6), 782–791 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (6)

L. H. Oakley, S. A. Dinehart, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identification of Organic Materials in Historic Oil Paintings Using Correlated Extractionless Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Fluorescence microscopy,” Anal. Chem. 83(11), 3986–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Roh, M. K. Matecki, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Identifying Pigment Mixtures in Art Using SERS: A Treatment Flowchart Approach,” Anal. Chem. 88(4), 2028–2032 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Oakley, D. M. Fabian, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Pretreatment Strategies for SERS Analysis of Indigo and Prussian Blue in Aged Painted Surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 84(18), 8006–8012 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pozzi, J. R. Lombardi, S. Bruni, and M. Leona, “Sample Treatment Considerations in the Analysis of Organic Colorants by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Anal. Chem. 84(8), 3751–3757 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, K. S. Rayner, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: A Direct Method to Identify Colorants in Various Artist Media,” Anal. Chem. 81(17), 7443–7447 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Brosseau, A. Gambardella, F. Casadio, C. M. Grzywacz, J. Wouters, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Ad-hoc Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Methodologies for the Detection of Artist Dyestuffs: Thin Layer Chromatography-Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and in Situ on the Fiber Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 81(8), 3056–3062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Methods (1)

F. Pozzi, S. Porcinai, J. R. Lombardi, and M. Leona, “Statistical methods and library search approaches for fast and reliable identification of dyes using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” Anal. Methods 5(16), 4205–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Analyst (Lond.) (3)

K. A. Frano, H. E. Mayhew, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Combined SERS and Raman analysis for the identification of red pigments in cross-sections from historic oil paintings,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(24), 6450–6455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Mayhew, D. M. Fabian, S. A. Svoboda, and K. L. Wustholz, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of yellow organic dyestuffs and lake pigments in oil paint,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(16), 4493–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Idone, M. Gulmini, A. I. Henry, F. Casadio, L. Chang, L. Appolonia, R. P. Van Duyne, and N. C. Shah, “Silver colloidal pastes for dye analysis of reference and historical textile fibers using direct, extractionless, non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Analyst (Lond.) 138(20), 5895–5903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forensic Sci. Int. (1)

C. Muehlethaler, M. Leona, and J. R. Lombardi, “Towards a validation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for use in forensic science: repeatability and reproducibility experiments,” Forensic Sci. Int. 268, 1–13 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (3)

J. P. Camden, J. A. Dieringer, Y. Wang, D. J. Masiello, L. D. Marks, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Probing the structure of single-molecule surface-enhanced Raman scattering hot spots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(38), 12616–12617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Wustholz, A. I. Henry, J. M. McMahon, R. G. Freeman, N. Valley, M. E. Piotti, M. J. Natan, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Structure-Activity Relationships in Gold Nanoparticle Dimers and Trimers for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(31), 10903–10910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Dieringer, K. L. Wustholz, D. J. Masiello, J. P. Camden, S. L. Kleinman, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy of a Single Rhodamine 6G Molecule,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(2), 849–854 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

J. M. Gorham, A. B. Rohlfing, K. A. Lippa, R. I. MacCuspie, A. Hemmati, and R. David Holbrook, “Storage Wars: how citrate-capped silver nanoparticle suspensions are affected by not-so-trivial decisions,” J. Nanopart. Res. 16(4), 2339 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

O. Siiman, L. Bumm, R. Callaghan, C. Blatchford, and M. Kerker, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering by citrate on colloidal silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 87(6), 1014–1023 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” J. Phys. Chem. 86(17), 3391–3395 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

A. Henglein and M. Giersig, “Formation of colloidal silver nanoparticles: capping action of citrate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(44), 9533–9539 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

F. Pozzi, S. Zaleski, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS Discrimination of Closely Related Molecules: A Systematic Study of Natural Red Dyes in Binary Mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(37), 21017–21026 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (5)

F. Pozzi and M. Leona, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(1), 67–77 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Whitney, R. P. Van Duyne, and F. Casadio, “An innovative surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method for the identification of six historical red lakes and dyestuffs,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(10), 993–1002 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, M. Leona, K. C. Vo-Dinh, F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, and T. Vo-Dinh, “Application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for the identification of anthraquinone dyes used in works of art,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 37(4), 520–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Pozzi, K. J. Berg, I. Fiedler, and F. Casadio, “A systematic analysis of red lake pigments in French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS),” J. Raman Spectrosc. 45(11-12), 1119–1126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Jurasekova, E. del Puerto, G. Bruno, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, S. Sanchez-Cortes, and C. Domingo, “Extractionless non-hydrolysis surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of historical mordant dyes on textile fibers,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 41(11), 1165–1171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (3)

M. V. Cañamares, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, J. D. Gómez-Varga, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez-Cortes, “Comparative Study of the Morphology, Aggregation, Adherence to Glass, and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Reduction of Ag+ Using Citrate and Hydroxylamine,” Langmuir 21(18), 8546–8553 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Munro, W. E. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. C. White, “Characterization of the Surface of a Citrate-Reduced Colloid Optimized for Use as a Substrate for Surface-Enhanced Resonance Raman Scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Munro, W. Smith, M. Garner, J. Clarkson, and P. White, “Characterization of the surface of a citrate-reduced colloid optimized for use as a substrate for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering,” Langmuir 11(10), 3712–3720 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mater. Today (1)

B. Sharma, R. R. Frontiera, A. I. Henry, E. Ringe, and R. P. Van Duyne, “SERS: Materials, applications, and the future,” Mater. Today 15(1-2), 16–25 (2012).
[Crossref]

Microchem. J. (1)

C. Sessa, R. Weiss, R. Niessner, N. P. Ivleva, and H. Stege, “Towards a Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectra database for synthetic organic colourants in cultural heritage. The effect of using different metal substrates on the spectra,” Microchem. J. 138, 209–225 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

W. Meng, F. Hu, X. Jiang, and L. Lu, “Preparation of silver colloids with improved uniformity and stable surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 10(1), 34 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

K. L. Wustholz, C. L. Brosseau, F. Casadio, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of dyes: from single molecules to the artists’ canvas,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(34), 7350–7359 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Etchegoin and E. C. Le Ru, “A perspective on single molecule SERS: current status and future challenges,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10(40), 6079–6089 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(9), 1667–1670 (1997).
[Crossref]

RSC Advances (1)

D. Saviello, A. Alyami, M. Trabace, R. Giorgi, P. Baglioni, A. Mirabile, and D. Iacopino, “Plasmonic colloidal pastes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of historical felt-tip pens,” RSC Advances 8(15), 8365–8371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275(5303), 1102–1106 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) (1)

F. Casadio, C. Daher, and L. Bellot-Gurlet, “Raman Spectroscopy of cultural heritage Materials: Overview of Applications and New Frontiers in Instrumentation, Sampling Modalities, and Data Processing,” Top. Curr. Chem. (Cham) 374(5), 62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. C. Schatz and R. P. Van Duyne, “Electromagnetic Mechanism of Surface-Enhanced Spectroscopy,” in Handbook of Vibrational Spectroscopy, J. M. Chalmers and P. R. Griffiths, eds. (Wiley, New York, 2002), pp. 759 - 774.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (left) SERS spectra of alizarin obtained using the same colloids (a) freshly synthesized and (b) ~1 year after synthesis. (right) SERS spectra of reference red lake pigments obtained using various colloid batches. (c) carmine lake with batch J, (d) carmine lake with batch A, (e) madder lake with batch G, (f) madder lake with batch D, and (g) blank colloids.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Performance of various colloid batches (A - J) to QA tests.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (left) Schematic of QA protocol. (right) SERS spectra of samples from Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), British, 1590-1600, oil on canvas transferred from wood, accession #1945-20. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Gift of Mr. Preston Davie.

Metrics