Abstract

For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a high stability half-open cavity multiwavelength random erbium-doped fiber laser (MW-REDFL) using distributed Rayleigh backscattering feedback in a 2 km long single-mode fiber together with a reflecting comb-filter of six-superimposed fiber-Bragg-gratings (6SI-FBG) was demonstrated experimentally. We achieved six lasing wavelength-channels at ∼2 nm spacing, with a maximum peak power difference of ≤0.930 dB for all six channels and a peak power fluctuation of ≤1.101 dB for each lasing channel in a 80 min time span, a wavelength fluctuation of ≤0.032 nm for each lasing channel in an experimental time of >1.5 h, and an output power fluctuation of ≤0.05 dB in a 4 h time span at the pump power of either 100 mW or 200 mW. At the frequencies larger than 100 kHz, the relative intensity noises of six-wavelength lasing output are −125 dB/Hz and −120 dB/Hz for pump powers of 100 mW and 200 mW, respectively. The performances threshold as low as 23.51 mW and slope efficiency as high as 10.99% of our MW-REDFL were also achieved. Better performance could be further obtained with good temperature compensation and vibration isolation packaging for practical applications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (2)

2018 (4)

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, “High-power and high-order random Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. E. Budarnykh, I. A. Lobach, E. A. Zlobina, V. V. Velmiskin, and S. A. Babin, “Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback based on a twin-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 567–570 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Saleh, N. A. Cholan, A. H. Sulaiman, and M. A. Mahdi, “Stable multiwavelength erbium-doped random fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Han, W. Zinan, F. Mengqiu, L. Jiaqi, M. Qingyang, X. Dangpeng, and R. Yunjiang, “Multiwavelength ytterbium-Brillouin random Rayleigh feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(3), 035105 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

L. Zhang, Y. Xu, S. Gao, B. Saxena, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Linearly polarized low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 739–742 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lou, X. Jin, H. Zhang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “High power, high-order random Raman fiber laser based on tapered fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (9)

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1439–1442 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Dong, M. Jiang, X. Yu, and P. Shum, “Multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(9), 240 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, D. Ding, F. Yan, Z. Zhao, H. Su, and X. S. Yao, “Widely tunable single-/dual-wavelength fiber lasers with ultra-narrow linewidth and high OSNR using high quality passive subring cavity and novel tuning method,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19760–19768 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, D. Ding, Z. Zhao, H. Su, F. Yan, and X. S. Yao, “Switchable 10 nm-spaced dual-wavelength SLM fiber laser with sub-kHz linewidth and high OSNR using a novel multiple-ring configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105104 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Dostovalov, A. A. Wolf, A. V. Parygin, V. E. Zyubin, and S. A. Babin, “Femtosecond point-by-point inscription of Bragg gratings by drawing a coated fiber through ferrule,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16232–16237 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Random Brillouin fiber laser for tunable ultra-narrow linewidth microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4839–4842 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, S. Gao, P. Lu, S. Mihailov, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser with a random grating-based resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3197–3200 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, M. Z. Zulkifli, and D. V. Churkin, “Multi-wavelength erbium/Raman gain based random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 26(1), 015101 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Aporta Litago, R. Ana Perez-Herrera, M. Angeles Quintela, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. Miguel Lopez-Higuera, “Tunable dual-wavelength random distributed feedback fiber laser with bidirectional pumping source,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 4148–4153 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

D. Leandro, S. Rotarodrigo, D. Ardanaz, and M. Lopezamo, “Narrow-linewidth multi-wavelength Random distributed feedback laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3591–3596 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser based on polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror and random distributed feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045106 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, S. Sugavanam, Y. Rao, and Z. Wang, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (9)

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, X. Dong, Z. Nan, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 294–298 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Demiguel-Soto, M. Bravo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Fully switchable multiwavelength fiber laser assisted by a random mirror,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 2020–2023 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, F. Yan, S. Liu, Y. Bai, W. Peng, and S. Tan, “Switchable and tunable dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser with special subring-cavity and superimposed fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125106 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Zhu, W. L. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on random Rayleigh back-scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(16), 1559–1561 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1100–1102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, “Quasi-two-dimensional diffusive random laser action,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 263901 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 013807 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “A laser with nonresonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 24(3), 481–485 (1967).

Abdullina, S. R.

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alcon-Camas, M.

Ambartsumyan, R. V.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “A laser with nonresonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 24(3), 481–485 (1967).

Ana Perez-Herrera, R.

Angeles Quintela, M.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Aporta Litago, I.

Ardanaz, D.

Arigiris, A.

Babin, S. A.

M. I. Skvortsov, S. R. Abdullina, A. A. Wolf, A. V. Dostovalov, A. A. Vlasov, I. A. Lobach, S. Wabnitz, and S. A. Babin, “Random Raman fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber with FBGs inscribed by femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett. 44(2), 295–298 (2019).
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A. E. Budarnykh, I. A. Lobach, E. A. Zlobina, V. V. Velmiskin, and S. A. Babin, “Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback based on a twin-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 567–570 (2018).
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E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1439–1442 (2016).
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A. V. Dostovalov, A. A. Wolf, A. V. Parygin, V. E. Zyubin, and S. A. Babin, “Femtosecond point-by-point inscription of Bragg gratings by drawing a coated fiber through ferrule,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16232–16237 (2016).
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D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, S. Sugavanam, Y. Rao, and Z. Wang, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
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D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
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S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
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A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Effect of Rayleigh-scattering distributed feedback on multiwavelength Raman fiber laser generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 130–132 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1100–1102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

T. Feng, F. Yan, S. Liu, Y. Bai, W. Peng, and S. Tan, “Switchable and tunable dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser with special subring-cavity and superimposed fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Balaswamy, V.

Bao, X.

Basov, N. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “A laser with nonresonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 24(3), 481–485 (1967).

Bayram, S. B.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 013807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bravo, M.

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Budarnykh, A. E.

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

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S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, “Quasi-two-dimensional diffusive random laser action,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 263901 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
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Cholan, N. A.

S. Saleh, N. A. Cholan, A. H. Sulaiman, and M. A. Mahdi, “Stable multiwavelength erbium-doped random fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
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Chronis, D.

Churkin, D. V.

S. Sugavanam, M. Z. Zulkifli, and D. V. Churkin, “Multi-wavelength erbium/Raman gain based random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 26(1), 015101 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, S. Sugavanam, Y. Rao, and Z. Wang, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Effect of Rayleigh-scattering distributed feedback on multiwavelength Raman fiber laser generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 130–132 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dangpeng, X.

W. Han, W. Zinan, F. Mengqiu, L. Jiaqi, M. Qingyang, X. Dangpeng, and R. Yunjiang, “Multiwavelength ytterbium-Brillouin random Rayleigh feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(3), 035105 (2018).
[Crossref]

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C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

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C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

de S. Menezes, L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Demiguel-Soto, V.

Dianov, E. M.

Ding, D.

T. Feng, D. Ding, F. Yan, Z. Zhao, H. Su, and X. S. Yao, “Widely tunable single-/dual-wavelength fiber lasers with ultra-narrow linewidth and high OSNR using high quality passive subring cavity and novel tuning method,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19760–19768 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, D. Ding, Z. Zhao, H. Su, F. Yan, and X. S. Yao, “Switchable 10 nm-spaced dual-wavelength SLM fiber laser with sub-kHz linewidth and high OSNR using a novel multiple-ring configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, “High-power and high-order random Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Y. Liu, X. Dong, M. Jiang, X. Yu, and P. Shum, “Multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(9), 240 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, X. Dong, Z. Nan, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 294–298 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dontsova, E. I.

Dostovalov, A. V.

Du, X.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser based on polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror and random distributed feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045106 (2015).
[Crossref]

El-Taher, A. E.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Effect of Rayleigh-scattering distributed feedback on multiwavelength Raman fiber laser generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 130–132 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1100–1102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Falkovich, G.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, T.

T. Feng, D. Ding, Z. Zhao, H. Su, F. Yan, and X. S. Yao, “Switchable 10 nm-spaced dual-wavelength SLM fiber laser with sub-kHz linewidth and high OSNR using a novel multiple-ring configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105104 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, D. Ding, F. Yan, Z. Zhao, H. Su, and X. S. Yao, “Widely tunable single-/dual-wavelength fiber lasers with ultra-narrow linewidth and high OSNR using high quality passive subring cavity and novel tuning method,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19760–19768 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Feng, F. Yan, S. Liu, Y. Bai, W. Peng, and S. Tan, “Switchable and tunable dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser with special subring-cavity and superimposed fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, “High-power and high-order random Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fernandezvallejo, M.

Fischer, B.

Florias, P.

Frazão, O.

Gámez, M. A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gao, S.

Gomes, A. S. L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gottardo, S.

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, “Quasi-two-dimensional diffusive random laser action,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 263901 (2004).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

W. Han, W. Zinan, F. Mengqiu, L. Jiaqi, M. Qingyang, X. Dangpeng, and R. Yunjiang, “Multiwavelength ytterbium-Brillouin random Rayleigh feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(3), 035105 (2018).
[Crossref]

Harper, P.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Effect of Rayleigh-scattering distributed feedback on multiwavelength Raman fiber laser generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 130–132 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1100–1102 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hinklin, T.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 013807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, X. Dong, Z. Nan, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 294–298 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ikiades, A.

Jemangin, M. H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, X.

Jia, X. H.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Y. Liu, X. Dong, M. Jiang, X. Yu, and P. Shum, “Multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(9), 240 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Y. Zhu, W. L. Zhang, and Y. Jiang, “Tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on random Rayleigh back-scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(16), 1559–1561 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, Y. Rao, H. Wu, P. Li, Y. Jiang, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiaqi, L.

W. Han, W. Zinan, F. Mengqiu, L. Jiaqi, M. Qingyang, X. Dangpeng, and R. Yunjiang, “Multiwavelength ytterbium-Brillouin random Rayleigh feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(3), 035105 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jin, X.

Z. Lou, X. Jin, H. Zhang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “High power, high-order random Raman fiber laser based on tapered fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kablukov, S. I.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1439–1442 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kallimani, K.

Kamynin, V.

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kolokolov, I. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Konstantaki, M.

Kryukov, P. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “A laser with nonresonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 24(3), 481–485 (1967).

Kurkov, A. S.

Laine, R. M.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 013807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Laptev, A. Y.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leandro, D.

Lebedev, V. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leskova, T. A.

Letokhov, V. S.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “A laser with nonresonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 24(3), 481–485 (1967).

Li, J.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, P.

Li, S. W.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

T. Feng, F. Yan, S. Liu, Y. Bai, W. Peng, and S. Tan, “Switchable and tunable dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser with special subring-cavity and superimposed fiber Bragg gratings,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Dong, M. Jiang, X. Yu, and P. Shum, “Multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 122(9), 240 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Lou, X. Jin, H. Zhang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “High power, high-order random Raman fiber laser based on tapered fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser based on polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror and random distributed feedback,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lizárraga, N.

Loayssa, A.

Lobach, I. A.

Lopezamo, M.

Lopez-Amo, M.

Lopezhiguera, J. M.

Lou, Z.

Z. Lou, X. Jin, H. Zhang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “High power, high-order random Raman fiber laser based on tapered fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

Ma, R.

W. L. Zhang, S. W. Li, R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. N. Wang, X. H. Jia, and J. Li, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser based on combination of Er-doped fiber and single-mode fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 44–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mahdi, M. A.

S. Saleh, N. A. Cholan, A. H. Sulaiman, and M. A. Mahdi, “Stable multiwavelength erbium-doped random fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mathieu, G.

Méndez, E. R.

Mengqiu, F.

W. Han, W. Zinan, F. Mengqiu, L. Jiaqi, M. Qingyang, X. Dangpeng, and R. Yunjiang, “Multiwavelength ytterbium-Brillouin random Rayleigh feedback fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(3), 035105 (2018).
[Crossref]

Miguel Lopez-Higuera, J.

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Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. Saleh, N. A. Cholan, A. H. Sulaiman, and M. A. Mahdi, “Stable multiwavelength erbium-doped random fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
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L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, “High-power and high-order random Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
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IEEE Photonics J. (2)

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L. Wang, X. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Experimental configuration; 6SI-FBG: six-superimposed fiber-Bragg-gratings; EDF: erbium-doped fiber; LD: laser diode; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; the 2 km SMF-28 fiber placed in a foam box for reducing of environmental vibrations. (b) Reflection and transmission spectra of 6SI-FBG; Inset: zoomed-in of one reflection channel to show details. (c) Measurement system; ① optical spectra measurement; ② radio frequency (RF) spectra measurement; ③ optical power output measurement; ④ relative intensity noise (RIN) measurement; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; PD: photodetector; ESA: electrical spectrum analyzer; OPM: optical power meter.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Reflection spectrum of 6SI-FBG (red dashed-line) and one-time amplification spectrum of 6SI-FBG’s reflection (blue solid-line), measured with the ASE spectrum of the 7 m long EDF pumped by a power of 250 mW. ASE spectrum of the pumped EDF also given by the magenta dotted-line.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Lasing spectra at different pump powers of (a) 30 mW, (b) 50 mW, (c) 100 mW, (d) 150 mW, (e) 200 mW and (f) 250 mW. The inset in each figure is the enlarged spectrum of the fifth lasing channel centered at ∼1552.380 nm. dp: maximum peak power difference.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Typical RF beating spectrum of laser output at 50 mW pump power measured by the self-homodyne method with (red solid-line) and without (blue dotted-line) the foam box respectively.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Five times repeated OSA scans at ∼20 min intervals under the pump power of 250 mW; (b) Peak power fluctuations of six lasing channels in the 80 min time span. dp: maximum peak power difference; fp: peak power fluctuation over time.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Wavelength variations of six lasing channels versus the pump power; (b) Wavelength stabilities of six lasing channels at 250 mW pump power in a time span of >1.5 h. vλ: wavelength variation over pump power; fλ: wavelength fluctuation over time.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Variations of 3-dB bandwidths of the six lasing channels versus the pump power. vb: variation of 3-dB bandwidth over pump power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Measured results of output power stability at 100 mW and 200 mW pump power respectively.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Relative intensity noise (RIN) spectra (blue solid-line) of lasing output measured in the frequency range of 0∼1.0 MHz at (a) 100 mW and (b) 200 mW pump powers with RBW of 100 Hz. Inset-1 of (a) and inset-2 of (b) respectively displaying the same measurement in a frequency range of 0∼100 kHz. For comparison, the RIN spectrum (red dashed-line) of a commercial DFB laser also plotted.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Total output power variation versus the pump power.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Comparison of lasing spectra using different lengths of SMF as the R-DFB medium at 250 mW pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. dp and OSNRmin among six lasing channels versus different lengths of SMF.

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