Abstract

A mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) based on nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) with different net anomalous dispersion is demonstrated. When the cavity dispersion is 1.425  ps2, the noise-like (NL) pulse with coherence spike width of 406 fs and pulse energy of 12.342 nJ is generated at a center wavelength of 2003.2 nm with 3 dB spectral bandwidth of 23.20 nm. In the experimental period of 400 min, the 3 dB spectral bandwidth variation, the output power fluctuation, and the central wavelength shift are less than 0.06 nm, 0.04 dB, and 0.4 nm, respectively, indicating that the NPR-based TDFL operating in the NL regime holds good long-term stability.

© 2016 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2016 (2)

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

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[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (6)

2013 (4)

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, “Control of noiselike pulse generation in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1389–1391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K.

Aguergaray, C.

Ahmad, F.

Ahmad, H.

Aiping, L.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Azooz, S.

Bhadra, S. K.

Bonaccorso, F.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Bu, C. X.

S. X. Liu, C. H. Wang, X. J. Zhu, C. X. Bu, and G. J. Zhang, “Arbitrarily switchable multi-wavelength Yb-doped fiber lasers with phase-shifted long-period fiber grating,” Laser Phys. 22, 1260–1264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. P.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3750–3752 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, T.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3750–3752 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chung, C.-C.

Dongdan, C.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

Fedotov, Y.

Feng-Ping, Y.

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

Ferrari, A. C.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Götschl, R.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Halder, A.

Hamida, B.

Harun, S.

Harun, S. W.

Hasan, T.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haxsen, F.

He, Y.

Heberle, A. P.

Hong, Z.

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, “Control of noiselike pulse generation in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1389–1391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kadel, R.

Kashyap, R.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khan, S.

Kobtsev, S.

Kracht, D.

Kukarin, S.

Li, J.

Li, M.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Z.

Lin, C.-H.

Liu, S. X.

S. X. Liu, C. H. Wang, X. J. Zhu, C. X. Bu, and G. J. Zhang, “Arbitrarily switchable multi-wavelength Yb-doped fiber lasers with phase-shifted long-period fiber grating,” Laser Phys. 22, 1260–1264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Loranger, S.

Lu, Y.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu-Na, Z.

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

Luo, H.

Morgner, U.

Mou, C.

Neumann, J.

Pal, M.

Pan, C.-L.

Paras, L.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pasternak, I.

Paul, M. C.

Popa, D.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Przewolka, A.

Qi, Q.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Razmaria, A.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Runcorn, T. H.

Runge, A.

Runge, A. F. J.

Schmeller, N. T.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shanhui, X.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. P.

Shuo, L.

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

Silberberg, Y.

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, “Control of noiselike pulse generation in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1389–1391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

Sotor, J.

Strupinski, W.

Sun, Z.

Szlauer, R.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2-μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, S. J.

Tang, Y.

Taylor, J. R.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tiu, Z. C.

Tong, Y.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Wandt, D.

Wang, C. H.

S. X. Liu, C. H. Wang, X. J. Zhu, C. X. Bu, and G. J. Zhang, “Arbitrarily switchable multi-wavelength Yb-doped fiber lasers with phase-shifted long-period fiber grating,” Laser Phys. 22, 1260–1264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.-L.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 011103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3750–3752 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. J.

Wang, X.

Washburn, B. R.

Wencheng, X.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen-Guo, H.

L. Shuo, Y. Feng-Ping, Z. Lu-Na, H. Wen-Guo, B. Zhuo-Ya, and Z. Hong, “Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. 18, 015508 (2016).

Wittwer, V. J.

Woodward, R. I.

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, S. Loranger, D. Popa, V. J. Wittwer, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, R. Kashyap, and J. R. Taylor, “Fiber grating compression of giant-chirped nanosecond pulses from an ultra-long nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 387–390 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Bonaccorso, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Scalar nanosecond pulse generation in a nanotube mode-locked environmentally stable fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1672–1675 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xiaozhi, Y.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xin, H.

H. Xin, L. Aiping, Y. Qi, Y. Tong, Y. Xiaozhi, X. Shanhui, Q. Qi, C. Dongdan, L. Zhichao, X. Wencheng, and Y. Zhongmin, “60  nm bandwidth, 17  nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6, 112702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, X.

You, Y.-J.

Yu, X.

Zaytsev, A.

Zhang, B.

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[Crossref]

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Setup of the proposed mode-locked TDFL using the NPR.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Spectra of the NL pulse with different length of SMFs.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectra of the NL pulse for 10 m SMF at 20 min intervals.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. RF spectra of NL pulse for 10 m SMF with scanning range of (a) 200 and (b) 5 MHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Time-domain trace of the NL pulse with 10 m SMF.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Autocorrelation traces of the NL pulse for different length of SMFs with scanning range of 250 ps.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Autocorrelation traces of the NL pulse for different length of SMFs with scanning range of 10 ps.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Output power and the NL pulse energy versus the pump power with 10 m SMF.

Equations (2)

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T = sin 2 θ sin 2 β + cos 2 θ cos 2 β + 1 2 sin ( 2 θ ) sin ( 2 β ) cos ( Δ φ L + Δ φ NL ) ,
Δ φ L = 2 π Δ n L / λ Δ φ NL = 2 π n 2 PL cos ( 2 θ ) / λ A eff ,

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